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In its many different shapes and forms, a chair is an object specifically made for seating a person.

Vermelha Chair

Fernando Campana, Humberto Campana
(Brazilian, born 1961)

1998. Iron with epoxy coating, aluminum, and cord, 31 x 29 1/8 x 22 3/4" (78.7 x 74 x 57.8 cm)

Made of iron, aluminum, and cord, the Vermelha Chair was inspired by materials and traditions of Brazilian weaving. Thread was intertwined to form the ropes, which were then hand-woven into upholstery. “We always say that first comes the material, then the form, and finally we elaborate the function of the product by studying its ergonomics, limitations, and capabilities,” explained Fernando and Humberto Campana, brothers and design partners. “The streets of São Paulo are a sort of laboratory for our designs. Whenever we need inspiration, we rely on the chaos and beauty of the city we live in.”1

The brothers purchased a large bunch of rope from a street stall and brought it back to their studio. They carefully studied the chaotic shape that the construction of the ropes formed when piled on a table. “At that moment we both looked at each other and almost simultaneously remarked, this is the chair we want to build. It is a representation of Brazil in its beautiful chaos and deconstructiveness.”2

Fernando and Humberto Campana, interview by Design Museum, London,

Something formed or constructed from parts.

Measuring Materials
Five-hundred meters of red cotton ropes were used to make the Vermehla Chair.

Chaos or Control?
The woven loops of the Vermehla Chair may appear random, but in reality there is a structured method behind their chaotic appearance. This chair design incorporates techniques that are similar to weaving. Intertwined threads form the ropes, which are then hand-woven to form upholstery for the base of the chair.