1963. Silkscreen ink on synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 6' 11" x 53" (210.8 x 134.6 cm)
In the early 1960s, Andy Warhol turned to celebrities like Marilyn Monroe, Jacqueline Kennedy, and Elizabeth Taylor as artistic subject matter. He produced several life-sized portraits of Elvis Presley, America’s most famous rock and roll singer and sex symbol throughout the 1950s. By 1963, when this painting was made, Elvis—whose hip-shaking moves had scandalized some only a decade before—was being overshadowed by a new generation of performers, and his career was on the decline.
In Double Elvis, Warhol created a strobe effect by overlapping two images of the singer—most likely sourced from a publicity still for the Western film Flaming Star (1960). The silver background conveys a sense of glamour, while also serving a practical purpose—the opacity of the spray paint allowed Warhol to easily mask and silkscreen multiple images on top of each other. Double Elvis originally belonged to a long, continuous canvas of Elvises that was later cut and stretched into multiple paintings. The artist’s interest in film might explain why he created Elvis in double—the singer/actor appears to be moving back and forth, as if in a film strip.
A work of art made from paint applied to canvas, wood, paper, or another support (noun).
A form, sign, or emblem that represents something else, often something immaterial, such as an idea or emotion.
The visual or narrative focus of a work of art.
Fast bursts of intermittent light used to illuminate moving subjects.
A stencil-based printmaking technique in which the first step is to stretch and attach a woven fabric (originally made of silk, but now more commonly of synthetic material) tightly over a wooden frame to create a screen. Areas of the screen that are not part of the image are blocked out with a variety of stencil-based methods. A squeegee is then used to press ink through the unblocked areas of the screen, directly onto paper. Screenprints typically feature bold, hard-edged areas of flat, unmodulated color. Also known as silkscreen and serigraphy.
A representation of a particular individual, usually intended to capture their likeness or personality.
Impenetrable to the passage of light.
The area of an artwork that appears farthest away from the viewer; also, the area against which a figure or scene is placed.
A Factory Where Art and Superstars Were Made
In 1962, Warhol founded “The Factory,” his 47th Street Manhattan studio (which later moved downtown to Union Square), where he surrounded himself with artists, musicians, writers, and underground “superstars” who helped him make paintings, sculptures, and films. Collaboration would remain an essential, yet controversial, element of Warhol’s entire artistic career.
SLIDESHOW: See visitor’s snapshots of Warhol artworks in the MoMA galleries. Contribute to this Flickr set by tagging your photos “Warhol MoMA.”