<h1 class="page">CONSERVATION</h1> <div id="main" class="courses"> <div class="column-a"> <ul id="menu"> <li class="first"><a href="/collection">The Collection</a><a href="#" class="toggle">+</a><ul><li><a href="/collection/works?utf8=%E2%9C%93&amp;q=&amp;classifications=">All Works</a></li> <li><a href="/collection/works?utf8=✓&amp;q=&amp;classifications=&amp;on_view=1">On View</a></li> <li><a href="/collection/works?utf8=✓&amp;q=&amp;classifications=&amp;recent_acquisitions=1">Recent Acquisitions</a></li> <li><a href="/collection/about">About</a></li> </ul></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/departments">Curatorial Departments</a><a href="#" class="toggle">+</a><ul><li><a href="/explore/collection/departments/architecture_design">Architecture & Design</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/departments/drawings">Drawings</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/departments/film">Film</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/departments/media">Media & Performance Art</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/departments/painting_sculpture">Painting & Sculpture</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/departments/photography">Photography</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/departments/prints_illustrated_books">Prints & Illustrated Books</a></li> </ul></li> <li class=" selected"><a href="/explore/collection/conservation">Conservation</a><a href="#" class="toggle">+</a><ul><li><a href="/explore/collection/conservation/recovery">Hurricane Sandy: Conservation Resources</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/conservation/media_art">Matters in Media Art</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/conservation/faq">Conservation FAQ</a></li> </ul></li> <li><a href="/collection/provenance">Provenance Research Project</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/image_permissions">Image Permissions</a></li> <li><a href="/docs/explore/CollectionsMgmtPolicyMoMA_Oct10.pdf">Collections Management Policy</a></li> </ul> <div class="box"> <h3 class="top">RELATED LINKS</h3> <ul> <li><a href="/explore/conservation/demoiselles/index.html"><i>Les Demoiselles d'Avignon</i>: Conserving a Modern Masterpiece</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/conservation/cezannepissarro/conservation.html">C&eacute;zanne Pissarro: Seeing Through Paint</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/conservation/monet/unveiling_monet.html">Unveiling Monet</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/conservation/pollock/interview1.html">Jackson Pollock: &quot;No Chaos, Damn It&quot; An Interview with Jim Coddington, Chief Conservator</a></li> <li><a href="/explore/collection/conservation/recovery">Collection Emergency Response: Conserving flood-damaged artworks</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> <div class="column-bc"> <div class="introduction"> <iframe src="/embed/videos/238/1275" width="725" height="408" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </div> <!-- <div class="introduction JS_HeaderSlides"> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conservation_home" height="280" longdesc="Painting Conservation Studio at The Museum of Modern Art. © Timothy Hursley" src="/images/explore/conservation/conservation_home.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conserv_sample" height="280" longdesc="Capturing a paint sample for research" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_sample.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conserv_matisse" height="280" longdesc="A MoMA conservator removes a tack from a painting" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_matisse.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conserv_photo" height="280" longdesc="Photographing works in the conservation laboratory" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_photo.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conserv_mondrian" height="280" longdesc="A MoMA scientist reviews data from a scan" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_mondrian.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conserv_photo2" height="280" longdesc="Inspecting a color negative in the conservation laboratory" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_photo2.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conserv_matisse2" height="280" longdesc="Repairing a lining for a work on burlap" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_matisse2.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> <div class="slide"><img alt="Conserv_easels" height="280" longdesc="The MoMA conservation laboratory. © Paul Warchol" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_easels.jpg?1480703453" width="725" /></div> </div>--> <!-- <div class="box"> <p class="top"><a href="/explore/collection/conservation/recovery"><strong>Collection Emergency Response: Conserving flood-damaged artworks</strong></a></p> </div> --> <div class="box"> <div class="heading"> <h2 class="top">Protecting and Preserving the Collection</h2> <p>The Department of Conservation is responsible for the preservation of The Museum of Modern Art's collection. The department was established in 1958 in response to a fire at the Museum and was initially devoted to painting conservation. Since then, the department has grown to include staff and facilities dedicated to preserving works on paper, sculpture and objects, photography, and time-based media. The department also houses a scientific research section devoted to both study of the collection and development of new materials for conservation. Films are stored and conserved at the <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/film/bartos/" target="_blank">Celeste Bartos Film Preservation Center</a>.</p> <p>The Conservation department also advises on environmental controls and needs, special exhibitions, and travel, packing, and installation requirements. These activities form an overall preventative program, which seeks to maintain the collection for future generations. Conservators and scientists in the department are actively involved in scholarly research related to exhibitions and collections at the Museum.</p> <p><a href="/explore/inside_out/category/conservation">More about Conservation from the MoMA Inside/Out Blog</a></p> </div> </div> <div id="tabbed-content" class="horizontal JS_TabbedContent"> <div class="tabs"> <a href="#projects" class="projects">Projects</a> <a href="#resources" class="resources">Resources</a> <a href="#glossary" class="glossary">Glossary</a> <a href="#tours" class="tours">Tours</a> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="holder"> <div class="projects pane JS_CourseListing"> <h6>Selected Projects</h6> <p>Highlights of some of the work being done by MoMA's conservation team.</p> <div class="details-toggle headroom"> <a href="#expand" class="expand">Expand all</a> <a href="#collapse" class="collapse">Collapse all</a> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="evening subpane selected"> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course1 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Conserv_pollock_thumb" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_pollock_thumb.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Jackson Pollock</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead"><i>One</i> and <i>Echo</i></div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course1" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/embed/videos/238/1269" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> <!--<p><img src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_pollock_main.jpg" width="467" height="340"></p>--> <p>MoMA’s Jackson Pollock Conservation Project focuses on masterworks by Pollock.</p> <p> <ul><strong>Blog Posts</strong> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2012/07/25/where-is-one-momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project">Where Is <i>One?</i> MoMA’s Jackson Pollock Conservation Project</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2012/09/05/momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project-one-joins-echo"><i>One</i> joins <i>Echo</i></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2012/10/02/momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project-post-3-documentation-and-treatment">Documentation and Treatment</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2012/12/10/momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project-an-ounce-of-prevention">An Ounce of Prevention…</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/01/08/momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project-looking-closely-at-one-number-31-1950">Looking Closely at <i>One: Number 31, 1950</i></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/02/22/momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project-one-number-31-1950-characterizing-the-paint-surface-part-1-the-archival-record">Characterizing the Paint Surface Part 1</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/03/14/momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project-one-number-31-1950-characterizing-the-paint-surface-part-2"><i>One: Number 31, 1950</i>&ndash;Characterizing the Paint Surface Part 2</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/04/17/momas-jackson-pollock-conservation-project-insight-into-the-artists-process">Insight into the Artist's Process</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/05/01/momas-pollock-conservation-project-video-update-on-one-number-31-1950">Video Update on <i>One: Number 31, 1950</i></a></li> </ul> </p> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course1 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Conserv_kitchen_thumb" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_kitchen_thumb.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Le Corbusier Kitchen Conservation</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Dismantle, Reconstruct, and Conserve</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course1" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/embed/videos/238/1268" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> <p> <ul><strong>Blog Posts</strong> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/01/07/le-corbusier-kitchen-conservation-dismantle-reconstruct-and-conserve">Dismantle, Reconstruct, and Conserve</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/02/07/le-corbusier-kitchen-conservation-getting-resourceful">Getting Resourceful</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/03/13/le-corbusier-kitchen-conservation-focus-on-design">Focus on Design</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/04/03/le-corbusier-kitchen-conservation-examining-the-cross-sections">Examining the Cross Sections</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/05/09/le-corbusier-kitchen-conservation-video-update">Video Update</a></li> </ul> </p> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course1 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Conserv_piano_thumb" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_piano_thumb.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Nam June Paik Conservation</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Managing Change Over Time</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course1" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/embed/videos/238/1296" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> <p> <ul><strong>Blog Posts</strong> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2013/04/15/conserving-a-nam-june-paik-altered-piano">Conserving a Nam June Paik Altered Piano</a></li> </ul> </p> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course1 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Conserv_cake_thumb" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_cake_thumb.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3><i>Floor Cake</i></h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">The Oldenburg masterpiece gets a refrosting</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course1" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/79/468" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> <p> <ul><strong>Blog Posts</strong> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2009/10/31/claes-oldenburg-conservation-of-floor-cake">Part One</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2009/11/09/claes-oldenburg-conservation-of-floor-cake-week-2">Part Two</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2009/11/16/claes-oldenburg-conservation-of-floor-cake-week-3">Part Three</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2009/11/23/claes-oldenburg-conservation-of-floor-cake-week-4">Part Four</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2010/03/08/claes-oldenburg-conservation-of-floor-cake-week-5">Part Five</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2010/05/21/conservation-of-floor-cake-part-6">Part Six</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2010/09/09/conservation-of-floor-cake-part-7">Part Seven</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2010/12/08/conservation-of-floor-cake-part-8">Part Eight</a></li> </ul> </p> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course1 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Conserv_guitar_thumb" src="/images/explore/conservation/conserv_guitar_thumb.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Picasso Guitars</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Examining an icon</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course1" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/152/914" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> <p>In conjunction with the exhibition <i>Picasso Guitars: 1912&ndash;1914</i>, major conservation research was undertaken about the guitars in paper and steel.</p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.moma.org/picassoguitars">View Exhibition website</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/videos/152/916">View Related videos about conservation</a></strong></p> <p> <ul><strong>Blog Posts</strong> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2011/04/20/conservation-and-a-different-kind-of-guitar-god">Conservation and a Different Kind of Guitar God</a></li> </ul> </p> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="resources pane JS_CourseListing"> <h6>Learn About Conservation</h6> <p>Selected multimedia resources about the MoMA Collection</p> <div class="evening subpane selected"> <p><strong>Audio</strong> <ul> <li>Conservation of Jackson Pollock's <i>One: Number 31, 1950.</i> 1950<br /><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/3/75">English</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/6/2618">Deutsch</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/4/2786">Espa&ntilde;ol</a>, <a href="#">Français</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/7/2646">Italiano</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/344/4452">Português</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/8/2730">日本語</a><!--<a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/331/4070">한국어</a>-->, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/10/2989">中文</a></li> <li>Conservation of Vasily Kandinsky's <i>Panel for Edwin R. Campbell No. 2</i><br /><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/3/4800">English</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/6/4647">Deutsch</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/4/4652">Espa&ntilde;ol</a>,<!-- <a href="#">Français</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/7/4649">Italiano</a>, --><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/344/4648">Português</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/8/4651">日本語</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/9/4646">한국어</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/10/4645">中文</a></li> <!--<li>Conservation of Matisse Backs II<br /><a href="#">English</a>, <a href="#">Deutsch</a>, <a href="#">Espa&ntilde;ol</a>, <a href="#">Français</a>, <a href="#">Italiano</a>, <a href="#">Português</a>, <a href="#">日本語</a>, <a href="#">한국어</a>, <a href="#">國語</a></li>--> <li>Conservation of Henri Matisse's <i>Dance (I)</i><br /><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/3/65">English</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/6/2619">Deutsch</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/4/2789">Espa&ntilde;ol</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/5/2557">Français</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/7/2647">Italiano</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/344/4421">Português</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/8/2731">日本語</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/9/2890">한국어</a>, <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/audios/10/2992">中文</a></li> <!--<li>Conservation of Matisse Morrocans<br /><a href="#">English</a>, <a href="#">Deutsch</a>, <a href="#">Espa&ntilde;ol</a>, <a href="#">Français</a>, <a href="#">Italiano</a>, <a href="#">Português</a>, <a href="#">日本語</a>, <a href="#">한국어</a>, <a href="#">國語</a></li> <li>Conservation of Matisse Rose Marble Dance<br /><a href="#">English</a>, <a href="#">Deutsch</a>, <a href="#">Espa&ntilde;ol</a>, <a href="#">Français</a>, <a href="#">Italiano</a>, <a href="#">Português</a>, <a href="#">日本語</a>, <a href="#">한국어</a>, <a href="#">國語</a></li>--> <!--<li>Conservation of Guimard Metropolian Gate<br /><a href="#">English</a>, <a href="#">Deutsch</a>, <a href="#">Espa&ntilde;ol</a>, <a href="#">Français</a>, <a href="#">Italiano</a>, <a href="#">Português</a>, <a href="#">日本語</a>, <a href="#">한국어</a>, <a href="#">國語</a></li>--> </ul></p> <p><strong>Websites</strong> <ul> <li><a href="/interactives/objectphoto/">Object:Photo. Modern Photographs 1909–1949: The Thomas Walther Collection</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/conservation/demoiselles/"><i>Les Demoiselles d'Avignon:</i> Conserving a Modern Masterpiece</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/conservation/cezannepissarro/conservation.html">Cézanne Pissarro: Seeing Through Paint</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/conservation/monet/unveiling_monet.html">Unveiling Monet</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/conservation/pollock/interview1.html">Jackson Pollock: "No Chaos, Damn It" An Interview with Jim Coddington, Chief Conservator</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/collection/conservation/media_art">Matters in Media Art</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2008/miro/"><i>Joan Mir&oacute;: Painting and Anti-Painting</i></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2011/picassoguitars/"><i>Picasso Guitars: 1912&ndash;1914</i></a></li> <li><a href="http://www.moma.org/interactives/projects/2001/whatisaprint/flash.html">What is a Print?</a></li> </ul></p> </div> </div> <div class="glossary pane JS_CourseListing"> <h6>Terms and Techniques</h6> <p>An extensive list of conservation terms can be found on the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston website <a href="http://cameo.mfa.org/" target="_blank">CAMEO (Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopedia Online)</a>.</p> <div class="details-toggle headroom"> <a href="#expand" class="expand">Expand all</a> <a href="#collapse" class="collapse">Collapse all</a> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="evening subpane selected"> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_emulsion" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_emulsion.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Emulsion</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">An emulsion is a combination of two or more liquids that do not blend easily on their own, such as oil and water. A common example of an emulsion is a vinaigrette salad dressing, in which you might use egg yolk to keep the vinegar and olive oil from separating. Similarly, painters can use egg yolk to emulsify oil paint and water.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/690" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_enamel" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_enamel.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Enamel</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Enamel paints are household and automobile paints that are formulated to be very fluid. They are typically opaque and rich in pigment, since they are designed to cover a surface in a single coat of paint. Enamels can use an array of different binders that include alkyd (a modified linseed oil), acrylic, latex, and oil. Abstract Expressionist artists such as Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning were among the first to regularly use enamel paints in making works of art.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/691" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_stain" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_stain.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Stain</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">A stain is a thinned paint made with a considerable amount of solvent. Stains are absorbed into the canvas, rather than remaining on its surface.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/695" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_palette" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_palette.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Palette Knife</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">A palette knife is a type of spatula typically used to mix paint on the palette. It can also be used to apply paint directly on the canvas and to remove it from the canvas.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/693" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_paint" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_paint.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Paint</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Paint is most often a combination of pigment, binder, and solvent. Pigment is the colored portion of the paint. It is often a finely ground material that is either found in nature or artificially produced. Binder holds the individual grains of pigment together. In oil paint, the most common binder is linseed oil, which typically dries to the touch in about one week. The binder in most acrylic paint is an acrylic resin; the binder in watercolor paint is a natural resin called gum arabic. Solvent is a liquid that thins the paint. The most common solvent in oil painting is turpentine. Water is the solvent for acrylic emulsion and watercolor paints.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/692" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_turpburn" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_turpburn.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Turpentine Burn</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">A turpentine burn is made by soaking a rag in solvent and scrubbing the canvas directly. This technique removes paint and leaves a stain on the canvas.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/697" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_tint" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_tint.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Tint, Shade, and Tone</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">In painting, a tint is a color plus white, a shade is a color plus black, and a tone is a color plus gray.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/696" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_viscosity" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_viscosity.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Viscosity</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Viscosity is the thickness of a liquid. Low-viscosity liquids are very fluid (such as water) while high-viscosity liquids are quite thick (such as molasses). The viscosity of oil paints is usually reduced by adding binder (such as linseed oil) and/or solvent (such as turpentine). At a lower viscosity, paint can be brushed onto the canvas more freely and quickly.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/128/698" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_fresco" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_fresco.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Fresco</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">The Layers of Fresco</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/186/1023" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> <p>Also available in <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/videos/188/1028">Spanish</a>.</p> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course2 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Term_giornata" src="/images/explore/conservation/term_giornata.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Giornata</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Case Study - <i>Agrarian Leader Zapata</i>, 1931</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course2" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/186/1022" width="467" height="351" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> <p>Also available in <a href="http://www.moma.org/explore/multimedia/videos/188/1029">Spanish</a>.</p> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> </div> </div> <div class="tours pane JS_CourseListing"> <h6>Conservation Areas</h6> <p>The conservation of MoMA's collection is done by multiple departments which often collaborate on mixed-media projects. Find out more about each of these expertise areas.</p> <div class="details-toggle headroom"> <a href="#expand" class="expand">Expand all</a> <a href="#collapse" class="collapse">Collapse all</a> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="evening subpane selected"> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course3 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Tour_media" src="/images/explore/conservation/tour_media.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Media</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">The conservation of technology-based works like video-, audio-, and computer-based art are the responsibility of the media conservators at MoMA, the newest conservation section at the Museum.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course3" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/238/1276" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course3 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Tour_painting" src="/images/explore/conservation/tour_painting.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Painting</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Painting conservators work mostly on paintings in the collection, mostly from the Department of Painting and Sculpture, which range from traditional oil painting on canvas to experimental paint media used by contemporary artists.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course3" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/238/1277" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course3 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Tour_paper" src="/images/explore/conservation/tour_paper.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Paper</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Paper conservators care for collections in the Museum that are principally paper such as drawings, prints, books, and posters, as well as some ephemera in curatorial collections.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course3" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/238/1278" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course3 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Tour_photo" src="/images/explore/conservation/tour_photo.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Photography</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Photography conservation is responsible for the preservation and conservation of photo-based works in the collection of the Department of Photography as well as all the other curatorial departments that have photos in their collections.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course3" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/238/1281" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course3 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Tour_science" src="/images/explore/conservation/tour_science.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Science</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Scientific research at MoMA is dedicated to analysis and research related to the Museum&#39;s collections. This includes identifying materials that artists use in creating their work, conducting research to better understand and store the collection, and to develop new materials for conserving works.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course3" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/238/1279" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> <!-- ///////////////////// BEGIN COURSE LISTING ///////////////////// --> <div class="course course3 with-video expanded"> <div> <div class="left"> <img alt="Tour_sculpture" src="/images/explore/conservation/tour_sculpture.jpg?1480703453" width="159" /> </div> <div class="right"> <h3>Sculpture</h3> <div class="general-info"> <div class="subhead">Sculpture conservation is responsible for a very wide range of objects in the collection, from bronze sculpture to plastic design objects to kinetic sculpture and beyond.</div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <a href="#course3" class="view-detail"></a> </div> <!-- <a href="#none" class="close">Close</a> --> <br class="clear" /> <div class="expanded"> <div class="left"> <p> <iframe src="/videos/embed/238/1280" width="467" height="264" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen"></iframe> </p> <!--ADD THE CLASS AND TEXT NAMES TO THE SECOND BUTTON BELOW! --> </div> <!--<img src="/images/learn/courses/course-details.jpg" />--> <div class="details-wrapper"> <div class="details-icons"> <div class="item"><a class="share" href="#"><span>Share This</span></a></div> <div class="item last"><a class="print" href="#"><span>Print This</span></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ END COURSE LISTING \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ --> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clear"></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> </div>