Showing all 337 art terms
The dominant artistic movement in the 1940s and 1950s, Abstract Expressionism was the first to place New York City at the forefront of international modern
Non-representational works of art that do not depict scenes or objects in the world or have discernable subject matter.
A fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion. A key difference between acrylic paint and oil paint is that acrylics are water-based
Art critic Harold Rosenberg coined the term “action painting” in 1952 to describe the work of artists who painted using bold gestures that engaged more
A nonfiction film, usually lasting no more than one to two minutes, showing unedited, unstructured footage of real events, places, people, or things. Actualities,
Refers to the many peoples of African descent who live across the globe. For many of the people in this diaspora, their present place of residence is the
First coined in 1993 by the cultural critic Mark Derry, afrofuturism refers to a literary and artistic mode of reimagining Black history and culture—and
Motivated by this political and public-health crisis, and the profound loss and suffering it has caused, a wide range of artists, working both collectively
A photographic print that uses albumen, more commonly known as egg white, as a binder layer. To make the print, a glass-plate negative is placed in direct Albumen prints are admired for their tonal range and strong blacks. To increase stability, these prints were often toned with gold, which turned the warm yellow image to a lush purple. Albumen silver prints were the dominant process from 1850 through the 1880s, when they were replaced by collodion and gelatin silver prints.
Common household commercial paint made with a chemically modified version of linseed oil that dries quickly to a hard, often glossy finish
A texture that often forms on the surface of dry paints that have a very high medium content and an extended drying time.
An approach to painting that emerged with the Abstract Expressionists, in which each area
A lightly exposed wet-plate glass negative that appears as a positive when placed on a black backing.
Natural adhesive created from animal bones, used in woodworking until synthetic glues were invented
As an artistic strategy, the intentional borrowing, copying, and alteration of preexisting images, objects, and ideas
An intaglio printmaking technique that creates tonal areas. Its name reflects its watercolor-like effects. Powdered resin is sprinkled on a metal plate
Also called a rendering, an architectural drawing is used to illustrate a building or portion of a building. These renderings can be done by hand or using
An object formerly part of a built structure, intended to be part of a built structure, or representing a structural element of a building.
A presentation of an architectural concept in three-dimensional form. Can also refer to digital files representing the same.
The science, art, or profession of designing and constructing buildings and other structures for use or habitation by humans; a building, or buildings
Two groups interested in Concrete art emerged in the 1950s in the rapidly industrializing country of Brazil. Based in Some Brazilian concrete artists, such as Lygia Clark, Helio Oiticica, and Lygia Pape, grew frustrated with the limits of Concrete art and pushed it to a new level of experimentation. Around 1960 Oiticica said, “All real art does not separate technique from expression.” They called this work, which often included the viewer as a participant, Neo-concrete art.
A movement of young Italian artists who attempted to create a new sculptural language through the use of humble, everyday materials. Meaning “poor art,”
A pair or group of artists who work together under one name.
A term referring to publications conceived, designed, and illustrated by artists, often self-published or published by arts organizations in large or unlimited
An international artistic movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries that emphasized the unity of the arts and sought to reflect the intensive
Founded in England in the 1860s in response to mass industrialization, this design and architecture
A three-dimensional work of art made from combinations of materials including found or purchased objects.
Sound as recorded, transmitted, or reproduced. Could include or refer to the use of noise and/or silence.
Strategies of writing or creating art that aimed to access the unconscious mind. The Surrealists, in particular, experimented with automatist techniques
French for “advanced guard,” originally used to denote the vanguard of an army and first applied to art in France in the early 19th century. In reference
The school of art and design founded in Germany by Walter Gropius in 1919, and shut down by the Nazis in 1933. The faculty brought together artists, architects,
An inexpensive mechanical printing method developed in the late 19th century and named after its inventor, illustrator and printer Benjamin Henry Day,
The material that holds the pigment together in paint and creates uniform consistency. Binder is often a liquid or an oil, like linseed oil, which is commonly
Derived from the Greek words bios (life) and morphe (form), the term refers to abstract forms or images that evoke naturally occurring forms such as plants,
This 1960s and 1970s cultural movement, begun by African American artists and intellectuals based in the United States, arose during a time when Black
The world’s first film studio, developed in 1892–93 by American inventor Thomas Alva Edison and his assistant and protégé, William K. L. Dickson. Comprised
A small liberal arts college founded in 1933 by John Rice on a farm in Asheville, North Carolina, and continued under changing leadership until 1957. Courses
A computer system that runs across many traditional computers and is protected by encryption. Blockchains reliably and securely execute programs, known
A low-budget movie, especially one made for use as a companion to the main attraction in a double feature.
The spaces that human design and actions have shaped. These include infrastructural systems like electricity grids or highway networks, cities, buildings
A white pigment often characterized by a warm tonality and significant transparency
Calligraphy is the art of creating handwritten text using highly stylized lettering. Its historical origins span millennia and many regions of the world,
William Henry Fox Talbot patented a photographic process in 1841 that led to a stable negative image. The process Though calotypes are soft and hazy, with visible paper fibers, the invention revolutionized image-making by making it possible to produce multiple prints from one negative image. It was also used as a means of making copies of drawings and documents. The process remained in use through the 1850s, when it was replaced by the albumen silver print.
Cameraless photographs are created by manipulating light, radiation, and/or chemicals to leave an impression on photo-sensitive paper. Examples include
A closely woven, sturdy cloth of hemp, cotton, linen, or a similar fiber, frequently stretched over a frame and used as a surface for painting.
Small photographs mounted to cardstock, patented in 1854. These “visiting” cards, most often featuring individual or celebrity portraits, were popularly
(verb) To form a material, such as molten metal or plastic, into a particular shape by pouring or pressing into a mold; (noun) something formed in a mold;
The first synthetic plastic material, developed in the 1860s and 1870s from a combination of camphor and nitrocellulose. Tough, flexible, and moldable,
Among the earliest known drawing materials, charcoal sticks are produced by burning vines or twigs of wood in an airless atmosphere. The black tonality
A technique, used in conjunction with printmaking processes such as etching or lithography, that results in a two-layered paper support: a tissue-thin
The art of creating and arranging a wide range of dance, from classical ballet to experimental performance; a work created by this art. A person who creates
The intensity of a given color
The dominant photographic color process of the 20th century is made up of three gelatin layers containing cyan, magenta, and yellow organic dyes. Together,
A combination motion-picture camera, printer, and projector invented by French photographers, photographic equipment manufacturers, and brothers Auguste
The person who sets up both camera and lighting for each shot in a film, the cinematographer has a major influence over the look and feel of a shot or
An artistic representation of a city or urban environment
The effort to match classical antiquity—and especially the art of the ancient Greeks and Romans—in artistic style, material, or subject matter. Classicism,
Varnish applied after the painting has dried to unify its surface gloss. Coating often becomes yellow or gray with age.
A European avant-garde movement active in the aftermath of World War II (from 1948 to 1951), whose name was derived from the first letters of the three
Coding is the method by which computer programmers, or coders, transmit instructions to computers. Coding transforms human language into the binary language