MoMA

German Expressionism

Works from the Collection


Styles Themes Techniques | Artists Print Publishers | Illustrated Books Portfolios Periodicals | Maps Chronology

THE COLLECTION

Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867–1945)

Showing 34 of 35

About this work

Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.

Death was one of the most persistent themes in Käthe Kollwitz's work. It continued to exert an inexorable pull on the artist near the end of her life and served as the subject of this, her final print cycle. Ten years before completing the portfolio, Kollwitz had noted in her diary, "I must do the prints on Death. Must, must, must!" She chose lithography, her preferred technique for creating emotionally powerful images with universal resonance, as the medium, but struggled to shape her ideas, only executing the first five prints in 1934. She added three more lithographs to the series in 1937.

These eight images (five of which are in the Museum's collection) show Death visiting the most vulnerable members of society, the impoverished women and children whose plight Kollwitz had repeatedly chronicled in her long career of socially engaged printmaking. Set against a blank background free of any markers of time or place, Death comes, sometimes violently—as in Tod greift in eine Kinderschar (Death grabbing at a group of children)—and sometimes as a welcome friend. In the final print, Ruf des Todes (Call of Death), the artist herself finally yields to the temptations that had lured so many before her. Here, as in the opening print of a mother who has lost all hope, Death need only extend its hand.

Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867–1945)

Call of Death (Ruf des Todes) from the series Death (Tod)

Date:
(c. 1937)
Medium:
Lithograph
Dimensions:
composition (irreg.): 15 1/2 x 14 7/16" (39.3 x 36.6 cm); sheet: 25 1/8 x 21 1/8" (63.8 x 53.6 cm)
Paper:
Cream, smooth, wove.
Publisher:
Alexander von der Becke, Verlag des graphischen Werkes von Käthe Kollwitz, Berlin
Printer:
unknown
Edition:
proof outside the edition of 100; plus posthumous edition of 200 published 1951
Credit Line:
Purchase
Copyright:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
Reference:
Klipstein 263 b. Knesebeck 269 b. Rifkind 1616.
MoMA Number:
1655.1940.5
Themes:
Death, Portraits, Postwar Politics
Techniques:
Lithography

Share by E-mail
Share by Text Message