This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
Acquired by Alfred Hess (1879-1931), Erfurt, before 1930 ; by inheritance to Tekla Hess (1884- 1968); on loan to Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1933 ; on consignment from Tekla Hess to Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, 1954 ; on consignment to Justin Thannhauser, New York, 1955 ; acquired by The Museum of Modern Art, New York (Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Werner E. Josten), 1956.
 Martin Urban, Emil Nolde: Catalogue Raisonné of the Oil-Paintings, vol. 2, London: Sotheby's Publications, 1990, p. 117, no. 735.
 Ibid. Included in the exhibition Thirty-First Annual International Exhibition of Paintings, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, October 19-December 10, 1933, no. 336.
 Letter Tekla Hess, York, England to Jane Wade, Curt Valentin Gallery, New York, October 27, 1954, Curt Valentin Papers, III.B."H." The Museum of Modern Art Archives, New York.
 Letter Jane Wade, Curt Valentin Gallery, New York to Justin Thannhauser, New York, September 12, 1955, Curt Valentin Papers, III.B."H." The Museum of Modern Art Archives, New York.
Provenance research is a work in progress, and is frequently updated with new information. If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please email [email protected] or write to:
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