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In April 2000, The Museum of Modern Art's director, Glenn D. Lowry, joined other American museum directors to present testimony before the Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets, reaffirming the museum community's commitment both to assist in the discovery of objects unlawfully appropriated during the Holocaust period and to make information on collection provenance more widely available. We are committed to the American Association of Museums (AAM)'s April 2001 Guidelines Concerning the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects During the Nazi Era.

The Museum of Modern Art owns approximately 800 paintings created before 1946 and acquired after 1932 that were or could have been in Continental Europe during the Nazi era. Museum researchers have examined, and are continuing to research, the ownership, or provenance, records for artworks that fall within this category. The majority of these works were acquired directly from the artists or have provenance records that are sufficiently complete. Provenance research is an ongoing project, and a priority, at the Museum.

Ongoing provenance research is posted periodically, and the Museum welcomes any further information on the provenance of these collection works. (Please note that the Museum's archival records for all collection works are open, as they always have been, to serious researchers.)

Provenance research is a work in progress, and is frequently updated with new information. If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please email or write to:

Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019