This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
The artist, Berlin. Stadtmuseum and Gemäldegalerie, Dresden, 1919 ; removed as "degenerate art" by the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, 1937 ; in storage at the repository for propaganda exhibitions, Velten (Mark), 1938 . Sold through Stuttgarter Kunstkabinett (Roman Norbert Ketterer), May 10-12, 1950 . On consignment from German private collection to Galerie Wilhelm Grosshennig, Düsseldorf ; sold to Curt Valentin Gallery (formerly Buchholz Gallery), New York,  ; acquired by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1955 (Gertrud A. Mellon Fund).
 Inventory no. 1919/88. Before the painting was removed from the collection in 1937, it was included as "degenerate art" in the exhibition "Entartete Kunst" at the Städtische Galerie, Nürnberg, September 7, 1935-September 21, 1935; at the Haus der Kunst, Dortmund, November 11, 1935-December 8, 1935; and at the Volksbildungsheim Frankfurt a.M., September 9, 1936-September 30, 1936 (see Beschlagnahmeinventar "Entartete Kunst", "Degenerate Art" Research Center, FU Berlin).
 EK no. 15938: Pharisäer.
 Included in the exhibition "Entartete Kunst," Hofgarten-Arkaden, Munich, July 19-November 30, 1937 and other venues (Berlin, Leipzig, Düsseldorf). See Beschlagnahmeinventar "Entartete Kunst", "Degenerate Art" Research Center, FU Berlin.
 Auction no. 8, lot no. 1893. See Beschlagnahmeinventar "Entartete Kunst", "Degenerate Art" Research Center, FU Berlin).
 Collection files 160.1955, Department of Painting and Sculpture, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Provenance research is a work in progress, and is frequently updated with new information. If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please email email@example.com or write to:
Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019
If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).
All requests to license audio or video footage produced by MoMA should be addressed to Scala Archives at firstname.lastname@example.org. Motion picture film stills or motion picture footage from films in MoMA’s Film Collection cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For licensing motion picture film footage it is advised to apply directly to the copyright holders. For access to motion picture film stills please contact the Film Study Center. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library.
If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication or moma.org, please email email@example.com. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to firstname.lastname@example.org.