This work is included in the Provenance Research Project
, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
Purchased from the artist by Gertrud Woermann (1862-1945), Hamburg ; to Irma Woermann-Roosen (1895-1982), Hamburg, by 1917 . Acquired by Martha Rauert (1869-1958), Hamburg, by 1956 ; Galerie Änne Abels, Cologne ; Fine Arts Associates (Otto M. Gerson) and the New Gallery (Eugene Victor Thaw), New York, by 1957; acquired by exchange by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1957.
 Collection files (artist's questionnaire), Department of Painting and Sculpture, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Date of acquisition unknown.
 Likely received from her mother, Gertrud Woermann, as a wedding present in 1916. Included in the exhibition Ausstellung von Werken neuerer Kunst aus Hamburger Privatbesitz, Hamburger Kunsthalle, November 11-December 2, 1917.
 Will Grohmann, Schmidt-Rottluff, Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1956), p. 285: "1912, Nächtliche Häuser, 19.5 x 86.5 cm; Frau Martha Rauert, Hamburg."
 Collection files (artist's questionnaire), Department of Painting and Sculpture, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
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