Lyubov Popova. Painterly Architectonic. 1917

Lyubov Popova

Painterly Architectonic


Oil on canvas
31 1/2 x 38 5/8" (80 x 98 cm)
Philip Johnson Fund
Object number
Painting and Sculpture
This work is not on view.
Lyubov Popova has 20 works online.
There are 2,314 paintings online.

In 1919 Popova described painting as a "construction," the building blocks of which were color and line. In this work, brightly colored, irregularly shaped planes are layered against a neutral background. The curved bottom edge of a gray shape emerging from beneath a red triangle and a white trapezoid suggests three-dimensionality, while the vibrant colors and jutting edges that seem to extend beyond the frame evoke energetic movement. Painterly Architectonic is one of a series of works Popova created between 1915 and 1919 in response to Kazimir Malevich's Suprematist paintings. Her definition of painting as a constructive process also recalls her engagement with the materially based abstraction of fellow Russian Vladimir Tatlin, in whose teaching studio she worked.

Gallery label from 2006

In counterpoint to the expansive white backgrounds of Kazimir Malevich's Suprematist paintings, Popova creates what appears to be a tight, shallow container for geometric forms that seem to push outward from it. Her model of abstraction is suggested by her use of the term "architectonic": treating planes almost as solid material entities, Popova builds a monumental composition focused on the interrelationships between individual parts. In this work, which combines a carefully painted surface with a three-dimensional spatial quality, she combined the respective innovations of Malevich (in her use of colored geometric forms and the working of paint on the surface) and fellow Russian artist Vladimir Tatlin (in the overlapping elements that suggest an abstract relief construction), in whose studio Popova had worked between 1912 and 1915. In 1916, she joined Malevich's Suprematist group, and over the next two years created a series of works, including this one, called Painterly Architectonics.

Gallery label from 2015

In Painterly Architectonic, one of a series of works by this title, Popova arranges areas of white, red, black, gray, and pink to suggest straight-edged planes laid one on top of the other over a white ground, like differently shaped papers in a collage. The space is not completely flat, however, for the rounded lower rim of the gray plane implies that this surface is arching upward against the red triangle. This pressure finds matches in the shapes and placements of the planes, which shun both right angles and vertical or horizontal lines, so that the picture becomes a taut net of slants and diagonals. The composition's orderly spatial recession is energized by these dynamic vectors, along which the viewer's gaze alternately slides and lifts.

Influenced by her long visits to Europe before World War I, Popova helped to introduce the Cubist and Futurist ideas of France and Italy into Russian art. But, no matter how abstract European Cubism and Futurism became, they never completely abandoned recognizable imagery, whereas Popova developed an entirely nonrepresentational idiom based on layered planes of color. The catalyst in this transition was Kazimir Malevich's Suprematism, an art of austere geometric shapes. But where Suprematism was infused with the desire for a spiritual or cosmic space, Popova's concerns were purely pictorial.

Publication excerpt from The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 84

This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
Pavel Sergeevich Popov (the artist’s brother). At least since the early 1930s
Edith Houzer, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Purchased from the artist’s brother. By 1958
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Purchased from Edith Houzer, 1958

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