Faith Ringgold. American People Series #20: Die. 1967

Faith Ringgold

American People Series #20: Die


Oil on canvas, two panels
72 × 144" (182.9 × 365.8 cm)
Purchase; and gift of the Modern Women's Fund
Object number
Painting and Sculpture
This work is not on view.
Faith Ringgold has 14 works  online.
There are 2,373 paintings online.

The frenzied spectacle depicted here evokes the race riots that engulfed the United States in the 1960s. The composition is also reminiscent of Pablo Picasso's Guernica (1937)—the artist's response to the atrocities of the Spanish Civil War—which Ringgold visited regularly at The Museum of Modern Art. Ringgold's decision to present the figures of Die in business attire and fashionable dresses speaks to the hidden racial antagonisms that permeate even the most well-to-do segments of American society. The work was intended not only to address the tense race relations of the moment when it was made but also to express the artist's fear that racial violence would continue to escalate in the future.

Gallery label from 2016

If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA's collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

If you would like to license audio or video footage produced by MoMA, please contact Scala Archives (all geographic locations) at

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication or, please email If you would like to publish text from MoMA's archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to

This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to