Abstract Expressionism is often thought of as a revolution in painting, but the movement also included several sculptors whose work challenged traditional conventions of the medium. David Smith made open structures that defied the heavy mass and volume usually associated with sculpture. Louise Nevelson placed her sculptural assemblages against the wall, sharing the grand scale of her painter contemporaries. Like their peers, sculptors also turned to unconventional and often scavenged materials, as well as less-common processes, such as welding.

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