Alexander Calder

Modern from the Start

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MoMA

Alexander Calder. <em>Sandy’s Butterfly</em>. 1964. Painted stainless sheet steel and iron rods, 12' 8&quot; × 9' 2&quot; × 8' 7&quot; (386 × 279 × 261 cm). Gift of the artist. © 2020 Calder Foundation, New York/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • MoMA, Floor 1, Sculpture Garden The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Sculpture Garden
  • MoMA, Floor 3, 3 South The Edward Steichen Galleries

One of the most beloved American artists of the last century, Alexander Calder reimagined sculpture as an experiment in space and motion. He upended centuries-old notions that sculpture should be static, grounded, and dense by making artworks that often move freely, interacting with their surroundings. “One of Calder’s objects is like the sea...,” wrote the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, “always beginning over again, always new.” Calder’s ever-changing artworks invite a viewer’s sustained attention; over the course of many decades, The Museum of Modern Art provided a setting for this productive exchange.

This exhibition looks at Calder’s work through the lens of his connection with MoMA. His work was first exhibited here in 1930, just months after the Museum opened its doors. Throughout its formative years he was called upon to produce several commissioned works—including Lobster Trap and Fish Tail, a multicolored mobile that hangs in the same stairwell for which it was made in 1939—and his sculptures have been a mainstay of the Museum’s galleries and Sculpture Garden ever since. Drawn from MoMA’s collection and augmented with key loans from the Calder Foundation, this exhibition covers the full scope of Calder’s work, from the earliest wire and wood figures to the monumental abstract sculptures of his later years.

Organized by Cara Manes, Associate Curator, with Zuna Maza, Curatorial Fellow, Department of Painting and Sculpture.

Support for the exhibition is provided by the Annual Exhibition Fund. Leadership contributions to the Annual Exhibition Fund, in support of the Museum’s collection and collection exhibitions, are generously provided by Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, Mimi and Peter Haas Fund, Jerry I. Speyer and Katherine G. Farley, Eva and Glenn Dubin, The Sandra and Tony Tamer Exhibition Fund, Alice and Tom Tisch, The David Rockefeller Council, The Contemporary Arts Council, Anne Dias, Kathy and Richard S. Fuld, Jr., Kenneth C. Griffin, The Keith Haring Foundation, Marie-Josée and Henry R. Kravis, Jo Carole and Ronald S. Lauder, and Anna Marie and Robert F. Shapiro.

Major contributions to the Annual Exhibition Fund are provided by the Estate of Ralph L. Riehle, GRoW @ Annenberg, Emily Rauh Pulitzer, Brett and Daniel Sundheim, Karen and Gary Winnick, The Marella and Giovanni Agnelli Fund for Exhibitions, Clarissa Alcock and Edgar Bronfman, Jr., Agnes Gund, and Oya and Bülent Eczacıbaşı.

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