Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (6 October 1887 – 27 August 1965), known as Le Corbusier (UK: lə kor-BEW-zee-ay, US: lə KOR-boo-ZYAY, -⁠SYAY, French: [lə kɔʁbyzje]), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, and he designed buildings in Europe, Japan, India, and North and South America. Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, Le Corbusier was influential in urban planning, and was a founding member of the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM). Le Corbusier prepared the master plan for the city of Chandigarh in India, and contributed specific designs for several buildings there. On 17 July 2016, seventeen projects by Le Corbusier in seven countries were inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites as The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement.
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Born 6 October 1887; died 27 August 1965. Born as Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, he adopted the pseudonym "Le Corbusier" in 1920, to be used when he was active as an architect and theorist; he used the pseudonym for his paintings from ca. 1930. It derived from his maternal grandfather's name, "Lecorbésier." He emigrated to France in 1917 and was naturalized in 1930. Born into a family of horologists and enamelers, he studied at École d'Art in Chaux-de-Fonds, but was largely self-taught in painting and architecture through study trips. In the 1920s he emerged as the most important architect of the "International Style" in France. He established the Fondation Le Corbusier in Paris to care for and make available to scholars his library, architectural drawings, sketches, and paintings.
Swiss, French
Artist, Author, Architect, Writer, Urban Planner, Designer, Painter, Sculptor, Theorist
Le Corbusier, Corbusier, Charles Édouard Jeanneret, Charles Edouard Jeanneret, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, Charles Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Edouard Jeanneret- Gris, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, Eduard Le Corbusier, Le Corbusier-Saugnier, Corb, Corbu, Le Corbusier Jeanneret, Charles Edouard Jenneret, Charles Édouard Jeanneret- Gris, Edouard le Corbusier, Kebiyi, Korubyujie, Le Korbi︠u︡zʹe, Lu Kūrbūziyah, Ru Korubyujie, Le Corbusier (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret)
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License