Frank Gehry is considered one of the most influential architects of the late 20th century. He completed his architecture studies at the University of Southern California in 1954, and enrolled at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design to study urban planning, but dropped out soon after and returned to Los Angeles. There he worked at Gruen Associates until 1962, when he established his own firm. During the early period of his independent practice he developed close associations with the artists of the Venice and Santa Monica art scene, particularly Edward Kienholz, Robert Irwin, and Ed Ruscha.

Gehry came to national attention with his Easy Edges furniture line, made of corrugated cardboard and fiberboard and including the Easy Edges Body Contour Rocker (1971) and the 1970 and 1972 editions of the Easy Edges Side Chair. But it was not until the rebuilding of his own house, an existing bungalow in Santa Monica (1978–88), that his reputation as an experimental avant-garde architect was established. Using common home-building materials such as corrugated aluminum, unfinished plywood, and chain-link fence, he was able to create rich, interlocking spaces. The additive and collaged character of his house, based on semi-independent timber-frame structures, became the signature language of his 1980s work, which was presented in MoMA’s 1988 Deconstructivist Architecture exhibition and in a retrospective of Gehry’s work at the Whitney Museum of American Art that same year. He received the Pritzker Architecture Prize, the most prestigious international award given in architecture, in 1989. At this time he completed the Vitra Design Museum, Germany, his first building in Europe, and the design for the Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, which remained unbuilt until 2003. In these works, Gehry explored the sculptural form of architecture as a synthetic and unifying proposition.

In the 1990s, Gehry’s formal language saw a move toward complex curvilinear forms, of which his most remarkable design remains the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain (1997). He conceives these forms through a series of freestyle hand sketches that have progressively gained in complexity due, in part, to advances in computer software. This formal development in his architecture has become the signature of his later work.

Introduction by Patricio del Real, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Architecture and Design, 2016
Show full text
Introduction
Frank Owen Gehry, (; born Frank Owen Goldberg; (1929 -02-28)February 28, 1929) is a Canadian-born American architect, residing in Los Angeles. A number of his buildings, including his private residence, have become world-renowned attractions. His works are cited as being among the most important works of contemporary architecture in the 2010 World Architecture Survey, which led Vanity Fair to label him as "the most important architect of our age". Gehry's best-known works include the titanium-clad Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain; Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles; Louis Vuitton Foundation in Paris, France; MIT Ray and Maria Stata Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts; The Vontz Center for Molecular Studies on the University of Cincinnati campus; Museum of Pop Culture in Seattle; New World Center in Miami Beach; Weisman Art Museum at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis; Dancing House in Prague; the Vitra Design Museum and the MARTa Herford museum in Germany; the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto; the Cinémathèque Française in Paris; and 8 Spruce Street in New York City. It was his private residence in Santa Monica, California, that jump-started his career. Gehry is also the designer of the future National Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial.
Wikidata
Q180374
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Introduction
American architect, exhibition designer, furniture and jewelry designer, and teacher. After working in various practices, he opened Frank O. Gehry and Associates, Inc. in 1962, where her remains as Design Principal. His early work, such as his own Gehry House (1979), shows a deconstructionist approach, taking an older building and re-assembling it with apparently casually placed low-cost corrugated metal panels, steel poles, and a canopy of wire mesh fencing. Since the 1980s, Gehry’s work has focused on the use of shiny metallic surfaces, emphasizing curving lines and the play of light and shade. The best examples are the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (1997) and the Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles (2003). In design, his approach is similar to his architecture, where disposable materials such as cardboard are used to make chairs with undulating forms that suggest elements in nature.
Nationalities
American, Canadian
Gender
Male
Roles
Artist, Architect, Teacher, Designer, Furniture designer
Names
Frank Gehry, Frank O. Gehry, Frank Owen Gehry, Frank Goldberg, Ephraim Owen Goldberg
ULAN
500010962
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License