MoMA
Henri Matisse

Bather

Cavalière, summer 1909
Not on view
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
36 1/2 x 29 1/8" (92.7 x 74 cm)
Credit
Gift of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller
Object number
17.1936
Copyright
© 2015 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

In July 1909, summering with his family in the South of France, Matisse prepared for a commission from Russian businessman Sergei Shchukin. Although the eventual result was two decorative panels representing dance and music, the artist’s plan originally included a composition of bathers, to which this canvas relates. As Matisse worked on Bather he made many adjustments in pencil and paint to the form and pose of the figure. He repositioned the bather on the canvas, modeling the body's volumes and adjusting earlier contours with long, repeated brushstrokes.

Gallery label from Matisse: Radical Invention, 1913-1917, July 18–October 11, 2010
Provenance information
Paul Guillaume (1891-1934), Paris [1]; acquired by Georges Bénard, Paris; sold through Hôtel Drouot, Paris to Etienne Bignou, Paris/New York, June 9, 1933 [2]; sold to Abby Aldrich Rockefeller (1874-1948), New York, December 1935 [3]; The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1936 (Gift of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller).
[1] See Dominique Fourcade, ed., Henri Matisse 1904-1917, exh. cat. Paris : Centre Georges Pompidou, 1993, no. 71.
[2] Tableaux modernes, aquarelles, gouaches, pastels. Collection G.B. [Georges Bénard]. Hôtel Drouot, Paris, June 9, 1933, no. 63. See Gazette de l'Hotel Drouot, June 10, 1933, p. 4: "no. 63, Jeune fille sortant du bain (92-74) (d. 20.000), à M. Bignou 10 100."
[3] Included in the exhibition New Acquisitions: The Collection of Mrs. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., January 14-February 16, 1936, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, no. 81.

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Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053; requests@artres.com; artres.com. Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124; firenze@scalarchives.com; scalarchives.com.

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to text_permissions@moma.org.

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource