MoMA

German Expressionism

Works from the Collection


Styles Themes Techniques | Artists Print Publishers | Illustrated Books Portfolios Periodicals | Maps Chronology

THE COLLECTION

Search Results

Showing 1 of 1

About this work

Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.

Max Beckmann imagines the world as a carnival in this portfolio. On the title page, he casts himself as a barker for a traveling band of outsiders, the Circus Beckmann. Shown ringing a bell, and pointing to the edge of the page, he urges viewers to behold the spectacles unfolding within. In Beckmann's theater of life everyone plays many roles: actor, observer, director. The ten rich, velvety drypoints touch upon the major themes he explored throughout his long and productive career: existential crisis, the alienation of modern life, and the insurmountable conflict between the sexes. Beckmann's Expressionist manipulation of space and his pushing together of figures increase the emotional distance between the individuals, who appear to exist only in worlds unto themselves. Actors corralled together backstage wait patiently, not realizing that their true performance—life itself—has already begun. Beckmann conveys female sexuality as a dangerous lure in scenes set in the shooting gallery, on stage, and behind the scenes. In one print, he depicts himself and his wife, Minna, balancing on a tightrope—an allusion to Friedrich Nietzsche's Thus Spoke Zarathustra, in which the philosopher describes man as a "rope" hung over an abyss between base animal and heroic Übermensch.

Max Beckmann (German, 1884–1950)

Merry-Go-Round (Das Karussell) from Annual Fair (Jahrmarkt)

Date:
(1921, published 1922)
Medium:
One from a portfolio of ten drypoints
Dimensions:
plate: 11 7/16 x 10 1/8" (29 x 25.7 cm); sheet: 20 13/16 x 15 1/16" (52.8 x 38.3 cm)
Paper:
Cream, slightly textured, wove.
Publisher:
Marées-Gesellschaft, R. Piper & Co., Munich
Printer:
Franz Hanfstaengl, Munich
Edition:
Portfolio edition, 1922: 200 (including 75 on "Japan" paper, and 125 on wove paper [this ex.]); plus 4 known state proofs and 3 known trial proofs
Credit Line:
Purchase
Copyright:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
Reference:
Glaser 172. Gallwitz 169. Hofmaier 197 II B b. Rifkind 138 7.
MoMA Number:
528.1949.7
Themes:
Dance & Leisure
Techniques:
Intaglio

Share by E-mail
Share by Text Message