German Expressionism

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About this work

Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.

Deutsche Graphiker der Gegenwart (German printmakers of our time) brings together woodcuts, lithographs, and reproductions by thirty-one artists representing a cross-section of styles from Impressionism to Expressionism, uniting under a single cover works ranging from naturalistic self-portraits to left-wing political caricatures. It features works by artists associated with the Berlin Secession (an exhibiting society comprised primarily of German Impressionists), with Expressionist groups like the Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter, and with the political Novembergruppe, as well as artists like Max Beckmann who were not affliliated with any group.

In his introduction, art historian Kurt Pfister identified Expressionism as the leading force in German art at the time, while stressing the plurality of approaches to style and subject matter that the movement encompassed. Pfister emphasized the openness of German artists to foreign sources, and cited the importance of Paul Cézanne, Edvard Munch, and Pablo Picasso as well as Japanese, Indian, African, and Gothic art for the development of German art. There was a fifty-year difference in age between the oldest artist, Max Liebermann, and the youngest, Conrad Felixmüller, featured in the collection. The volume also included Lyonel Feininger, an American who had lived in Germany since 1896, as well as Austrian artists Oskar Kokoschka and Alfred Kubin.

George Grosz (American, born Germany. 1893–1959)

He Made Fun of Hindenburg (Er hat Hindenburg verspottet) (plate 11) from the illustrated book Deutsche Graphiker der Gegenwart (German Printmakers of Our Time)

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Lithograph from an illustrated book with fifteen lithographs, eight woodcuts, eight reproductions and one lithographed cover
composition (irreg.): 9 5/16 x 6 7/8" (23.7 x 17.5 cm); page: 13 1/2 x 9 1/2" (34.3 x 24.2 cm)
Cream, smooth, wove.
Klinkhardt & Biermann, Leipzig
Printer of Plates:
Printer of Text:
Julius Klinkhardt, Leipzig
600 (including deluxe edition of 100, numbered 1-100, with a drypoint by Max Beckmann; and a regular edition of 500 [this ex.])
Credit Line:
© 2016 Estate of George Grosz
Söhn 108-8. Dückers E64. Rifkind 955. Jentsch 96.
MoMA Number:
City Life, Postwar Politics

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