German Expressionism

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Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (German, 1880–1938)

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About this work

Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.

In 1916, reflecting the increasing weariness with World War I in Germany, Paul Cassirer Verlag replaced the hawkish periodical Kriegszeit with Der Bildermann, a new publication whose goal was "to bring a broad public directly in touch with art." Der Bildermann featured original lithographs that addressed a range of subjects, not just the war, as an answer to the growing call for beauty as the conflict dragged on. Leo Kestenberg, a pianist and pacifist, ran the journal while Cassirer served in the army. The artist Max Slevogt suggested the periodical's title, which means "the picture man," and designed the vignette on the masthead, which shows a man peddling broadsheets to eager soldiers and civilians of all ages and stations.

Der Bildermann balanced a preponderance of allegorical animal scenes by August Gaul with edgier Expressionist works by former Brücke artists—Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, and Otto Mueller—and monumental images of Death by Ernst Barlach. Oskar Kokoschka, who had been severely injured on the Eastern Front, contributed six prints on the Passion of Christ, focusing on the human capacity to inflict suffering. The publication also featured socially critical print series by Slevogt and Ottomar Starke.

Dwindling subscriptions, coupled with increasing difficulties with censors and the bureaucracy, led Cassirer to cease publication of Der Bildermann after only eighteen issues.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (German, 1880–1938)

Landscape in the Taunus (Landschaft im Taunus) (plate, folio 13) from the periodical Der Bildermann, vol. 1, no. 6 (Jun 1916)

composition: 11 1/8 x 7 3/4" (28.3 x 19.7 cm); page: 14 x 11" (35.5 x 28 cm)
Cream, smooth, wove.
Paul Cassirer, Berlin
M.W. Lassally, Berlin
Periodical: Popular edition ("Volksausgabe"): unknown [this ex.]; plus deluxe edition of 75 on "Van Gelder Zonen Bütten" paper; unknown number of proofs printed by the artist before the edition; 12 publisher's proofs
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Bertha M. Slattery
Sch. (L)297b. Dube (L)315. Feilchenfeldt/Brandis Z4.6. Rifkind 1468. Gercken 845.
MoMA Number:

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