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German Expressionism

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THE COLLECTION

Erich Heckel (German, 1883–1970)

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From the portfolio

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  • Erich Heckel. Kneeling Nudes (Kniende Akte) cover from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1910)
    Kneeling Nudes (Kniende Akte) cover...
    (1910)
    Erich Heckel. Kneeling Nudes (Kniende Akte) cover from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1910)
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Bathers Throwing Reeds (Mit Schilf werfende Badende) from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1909, published 1910)
    Bathers Throwing Reeds (Mit Schilf...
    (1909, published 1910)
    Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Bathers Throwing Reeds (Mit Schilf werfende Badende) from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1909, published 1910)
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Dancer with Raised Skirt (Tänzerin mit gehobenem Rock) from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1909, published 1910)
    Dancer with Raised Skirt (Tänzerin...
    (1909, published 1910)
    Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Dancer with Raised Skirt (Tänzerin mit gehobenem Rock) from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1909, published 1910)
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Three Bathers at the Moritzburg Lakes (Drei Badende an den Moritzburger Seen) from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1909), published 1910
    Three Bathers at the Moritzburg Lakes...
    (1909), published 1910
    Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Three Bathers at the Moritzburg Lakes (Drei Badende an den Moritzburger Seen) from the portfolio Brücke 1910. (1909), published 1910

About the portfolio

Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.

Between 1906 and 1912 the Brücke group sent an annual portfolio of prints to its "passive members"—friends and supporters who helped finance the artists' work. Through these portfolios, artists could circumvent intermediaries of the art market, such as dealers and galleries, and communicate directly with patrons. Each installment was dedicated to the work of one artist. The fifth portfolio features prints by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, alternating between urban scenes of licentious delight and views of the idyllic Moritzburg lakes, which the Brücke artists frequently visited.

Erich Heckel's title page shows two nudes kneeling on a stage. A schematic section of geometric voids and solids represents a row of spectators, while the garish yellow paper suggests the glare of the lights. Kirchner's color woodcut, Mit Schilf werfende Badende (Bathers throwing reeds), shows nudes moving freely in nature. His black-and-white woodcut, Tänzerin mit gehobenem Rock (Dancer with raised skirt), transports this key theme of the liberated body to a Dresden cabaret. Kirchner exploits the stark contrasts and reductive possibilities encouraged by the woodcut medium, heralding the severely angular style of the group's last years. In the final drypoint, Drei Badende an den Moritzburger Seen (Three bathers at the Moritzburg lakes), Kirchner creates a scene of peace and harmony using the most limited formal means, capturing the spontaneity and freedom the artists discovered at rural retreats.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (German, 1880–1938) with Erich Heckel (German, 1883–1970)

The Portfolio

Brücke 1910 Portfolio (Brücke 1910 Jahresmappe)

Date:
1910
Medium:
Portfolio of two woodcuts, one drypoint, and one woodcut cover
Publisher:
Künstlergruppe Brücke, Dresden
Printer:
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Dresden, Erich Heckel, Dresden, Carl Sabo, Berlin
Edition:
unknown (approx. 70)
Credit Line:
Riva Castleman Endowment Fund, The Philip and Lynn Straus Foundation Fund, Frances Keech Fund, and by exchange: Nina and Gordon Bunshaft Bequest, Gift of James Thrall Soby, Anonymous, J. B. Neumann, and Victor S. Riesenfeld, Lillie P. Bliss Collection, and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Fund
Reference:
see child records
MoMA Number:
221.1997.1-4
Themes:
Primitivism
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