Cindy van den Bremen Capsters Sports Headgear for Muslim Women. Aerobics version 1999

  • Not on view

As a student at the Design Academy Eindhoven in the Netherlands, van den Bremen observed increasing tension between native Dutch citizens and ethnic minority immigrants, many of them Muslims. Young Muslim women want to wear the hijab, the traditional Muslim headcover, but a Dutch court has declared it unsafe for sports, so Muslim girls are often excluded from gym class. Eager to use design to address a cultural, social, and political issue, van den Bremen created Capsters, head coverings that not only serve as safe and practical sports accessories, but also lend the hijab a more modern image.

Gallery label from Born out of Necessity, March 2, 2012–January 28, 2013.
Gift of Cindy van den Bremen
Object number
Photo by Cindy van den Bremen
Architecture and Design

Installation views

We have identified these works in the following photos from our exhibition history.

How we identified these works

In 2018–19, MoMA collaborated with Google Arts & Culture Lab on a project using machine learning to identify artworks in installation photos. That project has concluded, and works are now being identified by MoMA staff.

If you notice an error, please contact us at [email protected].


If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

MoMA licenses archival audio and select out of copyright film clips from our film collection. At this time, MoMA produced video cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. All requests to license archival audio or out of copyright film clips should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Motion picture film stills cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For access to motion picture film stills for research purposes, please contact the Film Study Center at [email protected]. For more information about film loans and our Circulating Film and Video Library, please visit

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication, please email [email protected]. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected].


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected].