Joaquín Torres-García. Color Structure. 1930

Joaquín Torres-García

Color Structure


Oil on canvas
24 x 20" (61 x 50.8 cm)
The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection (by exchange)
Object number
Painting and Sculpture
This work is not on view.
Joaquín Torres-García has 13 works online.
There are 2,371 paintings online.

While living in Paris between 1926 and 1932, Torres-García met Neo–Plasticist artists Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian, with whom he created the Paris-based group Cercle et Carré (Circle and Square), composed of artists who favored geometric abstraction and opposed Parisian Surrealism. In accordance with the group's artistic tendencies, Torres–García adopted the grid in its most rigorous and geometric sense as a means to preserve the two–dimensionality of a picture. Color Structure belongs to a limited series of paintings and drawings he made between 1929 and 1930. Here the artist created allover patterns by dividing the picture surface into horizontal and vertical formations, each painted with different primary colors. Although Neo–Plasticists believed in the pure qualities of the grid, Torres–García emphasized instead the raw aspect of the composition, highlighting the imperfections of the canvas, the impurity of the colors, the thickness of the paint, and the manual tracing of the brushstrokes.

Gallery label from New Perspectives in Latin American Art, 1930–2006: Selections from a Decade of Acquisitions, November 21, 2007–February 25, 2008

This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
Estate of the artist. Manolita Piña de Torres-García. Private collection, New York. Museum of Modern Art, New York [1].

[1] de Torres, Cecilia and Susanna V. Temkin. "Estructura en colores (Color Structure), 1930 (1930.05)." Joaquín Torres-García Catalogue Raisonné. (accessed December 3, 2015).

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