Lúcio Costa, Carlos Leão, Jorge Machado Moreira, Oscar Niemeyer, Affonso Eduardo Reidy, Ernâni Vasconcelos, Le Corbusier (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret). Ministry of Education and Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 1937–1942
  • MoMA, Floor 4, 417 The David Geffen Galleries

The modern, fifteen-story-tall tower of the Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro was one of the first glass-enclosed buildings to employ a brise-soleil, a solar shading system that resembles an egg crate. While the building’s south-facing elevation was designed as a fully transparent glass surface, its north facade was equipped with a grid of deep, horizontal louvers connected to manually operated levers. The Ministry’s workers could adjust the angle of these sun- blocking devices throughout the course of the day, preventing the interior from overheating and thus increasing the thermal comfort of their working space without having to rely on energy-consuming air conditioning.

Gallery label from 2021.
Medium
Plastic and wood
Dimensions
18 3/4 x 24 1/2 x 28 1/2" (47.6 x 62.2 x 72.4 cm)
Credit
Gift of Ministry of Education and Health
Object number
MC 23
Copyright
© 2021 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / FLC
Department
Architecture and Design

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