• Not on view

The modern, fifteen-story-tall tower of the Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro was one of the first glass-enclosed buildings to employ a brise-soleil, a solar shading system that resembles an egg crate. While the building’s south-facing elevation was designed as a fully transparent glass surface, its north facade was equipped with a grid of deep, horizontal louvers connected to manually operated levers. The Ministry’s workers could adjust the angle of these sun- blocking devices throughout the course of the day, preventing the interior from overheating and thus increasing the thermal comfort of their working space without having to rely on energy-consuming air conditioning.

Gallery label from 2021.
Plastic and wood
18 3/4 x 24 1/2 x 28 1/2" (47.6 x 62.2 x 72.4 cm)
Gift of Ministry of Education and Health
Object number
MC 23
© 2024 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris / FLC
Architecture and Design

Installation views

We have identified these works in the following photos from our exhibition history.

How we identified these works

In 2018–19, MoMA collaborated with Google Arts & Culture Lab on a project using machine learning to identify artworks in installation photos. That project has concluded, and works are now being identified by MoMA staff.

If you notice an error, please contact us at [email protected].


If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

MoMA licenses archival audio and select out of copyright film clips from our film collection. At this time, MoMA produced video cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. All requests to license archival audio or out of copyright film clips should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Motion picture film stills cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For access to motion picture film stills for research purposes, please contact the Film Study Center at [email protected]. For more information about film loans and our Circulating Film and Video Library, please visit https://www.moma.org/research/circulating-film.

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication, please email [email protected]. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected].


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected].