Robert Morris Untitled 1969

  • Not on view

Beginning in the late 1960s, Morris, who had previously made geometric plywood and steel forms, began to use more malleable media, such as felt,

inviting the material’s properties and chance operations—in this case, gravity—to play a role. He called this Process Art. Morris was active in experimental dance beginning in the 1950s and was interested in the corporeal aspects of felt; its "skinlike" qualities resonated with his own concerns at the time.

Gallery label from 2007.
Additional text

Although Morris helped to define the principles of Minimal art, writing important articles on the subject, he was also an innovator in tempering the often severe appearance of Minimalism with a new plasticity—a literal softness. In works like this one, he subjected sheets of thick industrial felt to basic formal procedures (a series of parallel cuts, say, followed by hanging, piling, or even dropping in a tangle), then accepted whatever shape they took as the work of art. In this way he left the overall configuration of the work (a configuration he imagined as temporary) to the medium itself. "Random piling, loose stacking, hanging, give passing form to material," Morris wrote. "Chance is accepted and indeterminacy is implied. . . . Disengagement with preconceived enduring forms and orders for things is a positive assertion."

This work emphasizes the process of its making and the qualities of its material. But even if Morris was trying to avoid making form a "prescribed end," as a compositional scheme, the work has both formal elegance and psychological suggestiveness: the order and symmetry of the cut cloth is belied by the graceful sag at the top. In fact, a work produced by rigorous aesthetic theory ends up evoking the human figure. "Felt has anatomical associations," Morris has said, "it relates to the body—it's skinlike."

Untitled. 1969

Publication excerpt from The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 287.
15' 3/4" x 6' 1/2" x 1" (459.2 x 184.1 x 2.5 cm)
The Gilman Foundation Fund
Object number
© 2024 Robert Morris / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Painting and Sculpture

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