James Rosenquist F-111 1964-65

  • MoMA, Floor 4, 418 The David Geffen Galleries

Inspired by the bright and colorful magazines and advertisements of the 1960s, Rosenquist layered images of everyday objects—like a hair dryer—with images related to the Vietnam War, such as the F-111 bomber jet this painting was named after. Look for other objects you recognize in the painting. Which objects would you include in an artwork that describes our time?

Kids label from 2023
Additional text

Rosenquist created F-111 for his first solo show at New York’s Leo Castelli Gallery: the dimensions of its fifty-nine interlocking panels were determined by the four walls of that particular space, so that the work, once hung, would surround and enclose the viewer. An F-111 fighter-bomber stretches the length of the painting, enveloped and overtaken by oversize images culled mostly from photographs and printed advertisements, including a wallpaper-like floral pattern, an angel food cake, a Firestone tire, light bulbs, a fork stuck in spaghetti, and a beach umbrella superimposed on an atomic blast. With its jumps in scale, its collage-style juxtaposition of image fragments, and its vivid palette, the painting exemplifies Rosenquist’s singular contribution to Pop art.

F-111 was painted in the middle of one of the most turbulent decades in US history. The fighter-bomber it depicts was, at the time, in the planning stages, and Rosenquist understood its mission to be as economic as it was military—to create jobs for Americans and support the country’s gross national product. He characterized the imagery of the painting as “a plane flying through the flak of an economy,” with the little girl under the metallic hairdryer as its pilot; he described its underwater diver in more ominous terms, as evocative of humans gasping for air during an atomic holocaust.

Publication excerpt from MoMA Highlights: 375 Works from The Museum of Modern Art, New York (New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2019)
Oil on canvas with aluminum, twenty-three sections
10 x 86' (304.8 x 2621.3 cm)
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Alex L. Hillman and Lillie P. Bliss Bequest (both by exchange)
Object number
© 2024 James Rosenquist/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
Painting and Sculpture

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