Henri Matisse Landscape at Collioure Collioure, summer 1905

  • Not on view

In Landscape at Collioure, Henri Matisse applied oil paint to an unprimed canvas, mostly with quick, sketchy brushstrokes and sometimes using paint directly from the tube. Though he left parts of the canvas unpainted, so that its raw, woven surface shows through between his brushstrokes, this painting is considered a finished work.

Landscape at Collioure reflects the point at which Matisse began to use a more instinctive, spontaneous way of painting, unparalleled among his contemporaries. The landscapes he painted in the summer of 1905 were “wilder, more reckless than any subsequently produced in his career,” according to Matisse scholar and former MoMA curator John Elderfield. “In the works of that period color speaks for itself with a directness previously unknown in Western painting, and speaks directly too of the emotional response to the natural world that required changing the color of this world the better to render that emotion.”

Oil on canvas
15 1/4 x 18 3/8" (38.8 x 46.6 cm)
Gift and bequest of Louise Reinhardt Smith
Object number
© 2024 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Painting and Sculpture

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Provenance Research Project

This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.

1954 Louise Smith, New York (Purchased from Sidney Janis Gallery, New York on November 3, 1954)
1990 The Museum of Modern Art, New York (Gift and Bequest of Louise Reinhard Smith)

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