Carl Andre Equivalent V 1966-69

  • Not on view

Equivalent V is part of a series of eight sculptures that Andre first exhibited in 1966 at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery in New York. Each of the works is composed of 120 bricks stacked two high and placed directly on the gallery floor. Although the eight works in the series are precise equivalents in many respects (for example, in height, volume, and weight), each is unique in its configuration. Equivalent V is five brick lengths long and twelve brick widths wide, while Equivalent VIII measures ten brick lengths by six brick widths, and so on. By distinctly articulating the shape of each work and executing various permutations with the same materials, Andre proposed that sculpture should define rather than simply occupy space, an idea that has remained important to him throughout his career.

The Equivalents, Andre’s first flat floor works, dispense with the traditional sculptural pedestal and therefore also eliminate the division between artistic and ordinary space that it implies. The viewer and the sculpture exist in the same field, a fact heightened by the artist’s decision to use unexceptional, factory-made bricks rather than a material associated with fine art, such as bronze or marble. Most of the works in the 1966 series were destroyed. Andre recreated them in 1969 using firebricks, because the original material, sand-lime brick, was no longer available.

Publication excerpt from MoMA Highlights: 375 Works from The Museum of Modern Art, New York (New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2019)
Firebricks, 120 units
5 x 45 x 54" (12.8 x 114.3 x 137.2 cm)
Bequest of Richard S. Zeisler (by exchange)
Object number
Painting and Sculpture

If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

MoMA licenses archival audio and select out of copyright film clips from our film collection. At this time, MoMA produced video cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. All requests to license archival audio or out of copyright film clips should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Motion picture film stills cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For access to motion picture film stills for research purposes, please contact the Film Study Center at [email protected]. For more information about film loans and our Circulating Film and Video Library, please visit

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication, please email [email protected]. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected].


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected].