Collection 1980s–Present


Sandra Mujinga’s Flo

Mar 3, 2023–Jan 28, 2024


Sandra Mujinga. Flo. 2019. Single-channel video installation (color, sound, 50:13 minutes) Polycarbonate plate, mdf, wood beams, 356 cm x 317 cm x 170 cm. Fund for the Twenty-First Century
  • MoMA, Floor 2, 213

This larger-than-life hologram makes a case for hiding in plain sight. The iridescent figure hovering in this gallery is projected using a technique called Pepper’s Ghost, which dates back to Victorian stagecraft. Despite its resemblance to a digital avatar, Flo depicts a real performer, who dons a wearable sculpture created by Mujinga and sways to an electronic score, also by the artist.

Named after Mujinga’s late mother and inspired by the 1990s Jamaican bodybuilder Midnight (Ann-Marie Crooks), this work experiments with technology to generate a body suspended between presence and absence. Flo occupies space the way that a sculpture might, but, depending on your position in the gallery, it can easily slip from view. “For me the future is about this utopian possibility of being in charge of your visibility,” Mujinga has said. “Because up till now Black bodies are either visible and being policed, or they’re completely invisible.” In an era of digital footprints and racialized surveillance, Flo proposes that darkness can help us to imagine other bodies—and other worlds.

Organized by Sophie Cavoulacos, Associate Curator, Department of Film, with Gee Wesley, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Media and Performance.

1 work online


Installation image

How we identified these works

In 2018–19, MoMA collaborated with Google Arts & Culture Lab on a project using machine learning to identify artworks in installation photos. That project has concluded, and works are now being identified by MoMA staff.

If you notice an error, please contact us at [email protected].


If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

MoMA licenses archival audio and select out of copyright film clips from our film collection. At this time, MoMA produced video cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. All requests to license archival audio or out of copyright film clips should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Motion picture film stills cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For access to motion picture film stills for research purposes, please contact the Film Study Center at [email protected]. For more information about film loans and our Circulating Film and Video Library, please visit

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication, please email [email protected]. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected].


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected].