Installation view of Tony Smith at The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Thomas Griesel

Tony Smith (1912–1980) was a unique figure in the American artistic vanguard of the postwar era. Trained as an architect in the studios of Frank Lloyd Wright and the New Bauhaus in Chicago, Smith turned to painting and drawing from the mid-1940s through the 1950s. In 1961, he began to develop studio prototypes of the strict but often complex geometric structures that became the basis of his renowned monumental sculpture.

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