Rosauro Castro. 1950. Mexico. Directed by Roberto Gavaldón. Screenplay by Gavaldón, Roberto O’Quiqley, José Revueltas. With Pedro Armendáriz, Carlos López Moctezuma, María Douglas. In Spanish; English subtitles. 83 min.
The great popular hero of Mexican cinema, Pedro Armendáriz, here plays a morally ambiguous cacique—a rural political boss who is both of the people and their ruthless exploiter. When he is implicated in the death of a political reformer, his reign over his nameless village is threatened, a social development that Gavaldón seems to both welcome and regret.