Roma, cittá aperta (Rome, Open City). 1945. Italy. Directed by Roberto Rossellini. Screenplay by Sergio Amidei. With Aldo Fabrizi, Anna Magnani, Marcello Pagliero. In Italian; English subtitles. 103 min.
With Rome overrun by the Nazis, Italian resistance fighters had two major foes: the Germans and the Fascists. The very pregnant fiancée of a hardened resistance fighter joins the cause by carrying secret message. Rossellini, best known for making films in the Neorealist style (location filming, nonprofessional actors, humanistic stories), began making Rome, Open City less than a year after the end of World War II.