Klassenverhältnisse (Class Relations). 1983. West Germany/France. Written and directed by Jean-Marie Straub, Danièle Huillet. Based on Amerika, by Franz Kafka. With Christian Heinisch, Mario Adorf, Harun Farocki, Manfred Blank, Libgart Schwarz. 35mm. In German; English subtitles. 130 min.
Straub-Huillet’s brilliant distillation of Franz Kafka’s incomplete first novel Amerika is perhaps the most authentically German treatment of Kafka ever made. An ecstatic and haunted fever dream of the United States—the place where Kafka longed to disappear, if only in his imagination—Amerika is told from the perspective of a young German immigrant who encounters a strange new world, with its violent lies and quixotic optimism, like a modern-day Parsifal. Straub and Huillet took pains to render the German mannerisms and dialect of Kafka’s novel faithfully, and shot their film almost entirely in the port city of Hamburg. But their depiction of injustice and exploitation transcends historical specificity; as Straub said in 1984, “Kafka, for us, is the only major poet of industrial civilization, I mean, a civilization where people depend on their work to survive.”