Sven Gottfrid Markelius (25 October 1889 – 24 February 1972) was one of the most important modernist Swedish architects. Markelius played an important role in the post-war urban planning of Stockholm, for example in the creation of the model suburb of Vällingby (1950s). Born in Stockholm in October 1889, he attended the Royal Institute of Technology and the Academy of Arts in Stockholm from 1910 to 1915, later working at the offices of Ragnar Östberg and Erik Lallerstedt. He developed an early interest in housing and planning, was one of the founder members of CIAM in 1928, and participated in the modernist housing section of the Stockholm International Exhibition (1930), the birth of Swedish Functionalism. In 1931, he co-authored with five other architects the book-length manifesto Acceptera! ("Accept!"), direct promotion of modernism as a set of cultural values. And his association with Swedish reformer Alva Myrdal resulted in a design for a 57-unit communal-living Collective House in the center of Stockholm, in 1935. The building offered communal amenities like childcare facilities and shared kitchen and meeting spaces, all at least partly inspired by the Narkomfin Building in Moscow. Markelius lived in the Collective House himself for thirty years, serving as an unofficial handyman, to make sure the building still worked, and to demonstrate his commitment to the values of social housing. Meanwhile, among his major civic projects, Markelius began work on the Concert Hall in Helsingborg in 1932. In 1952, Markelius was nominated to the board of design consultants for the United Nations Secretariat Building by Sweden. Towards the end of his career the architect turned his attention to city planning. In 1949 Markelius took the Howland Memorial Prize, and in 1961 the Prince Eugen Medal. In 1962 Markelius was awarded a Gold Medal by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
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Markelius attended the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm from 1909 to 1913. From 1913-1915, he continued his studies in Stockholm at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, then began working in the practice of Erik Lallerstedt. He developed an interest in urban planning and was one of the founding members of CIAM (Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne) in 1928. The works he designed, such as the Helsingborg Concert Hall, are prime examples of Swedish Functionalism. He later designed the Social and Economic Council meeting room at the United Nations in New York City, and was Director of City Planning in Stockholm from 1944-1954. Swedish architect. In private practice, Stockholm from 1915.
Swedish, Scandinavian
Artist, Architect, Teacher, Urban Planner
Sven Markelius, Sven Jonsson, Sven Gottfrid Markelius, Sven Gottfried Markelius
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License