William Henry Fox Talbot FRS FRSE FRAS (; 11 February 1800 – 17 September 1877) was an English scientist, inventor and photography pioneer who invented the salted paper and calotype processes, precursors to photographic processes of the later 19th and 20th centuries. His work, in the 1840s on photomechanical reproduction, led to the creation of the photoglyphic engraving process, the precursor to photogravure. He was the holder of a controversial patent which affected the early development of commercial photography in Britain. He was also a noted photographer who contributed to the development of photography as an artistic medium. He published The Pencil of Nature (1844–46), which was illustrated with original salted paper prints from his calotype negatives, and made some important early photographs of Oxford, Paris, Reading, and York.A polymath, Talbot was elected to the Royal Society in 1831 for his work on the integral calculus, and researched in optics, chemistry, electricity and other subjects such as etymology and ancient history.
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Credited by many as the inventor of photography, Talbot began photographic experiments with chloride of silver deposited within paper fibers by the interaction of silver nitrate and sodium chloride in 1834. He coined the term "photogenic drawings" and used it first at the public introduction of the process in 1839, though in his private notebooks he used the term "sciagraphy." He created his first successful images in the spring or summer of 1834, and continued making advances in 1835. In 1841 he discovered the calotype, or talbotype.
British, English
Artist, Scientist, Inventor, Photographer
William Henry Fox Talbot, Fox Talbot, H. Fox Talbot, Henry Fox Talbot, Viliam Genri Foks Talbot, William Fox Talbot, Vilʹi︠a︡m Genri Foks Talbot
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License