Introduction
Nicolas Schöffer (Hungarian: Schöffer Miklós; 6 September 1912 — 8 January 1992) was a Hungarian-born French cybernetic artist. Schöffer was born in Kalocsa, Hungary and resided in Paris from 1936 until his death in Montmartre in 1992. He built his artworks on cybernetic theories of feedback interactivity primarily based on the ideas of Norbert Wiener. Wiener's work suggested to Schöffer an artistic process in terms of the circular causality of feedback loops. Schöffer's kinetic art sculpture "CYSP 1" from 1956, that made use of electronic computations developed by the Philips Company, is considered the first cybernetic sculpture in art history. The sculpture is set on a base mounted on four rollers, which contains the mechanism and the electronic brain. The plates are operated by small motors located under their axis. Photo-electric cells and a microphone built into the sculpture catch all the variations in the fields of color, light intensity and sound intensity. All these changes occasion reactions on the part of the responsive sculpture.
Wikidata
Q603870
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Nationalities
French, American, Hungarian
Gender
Male
Roles
Artist, Painter, Sculptor
Names
Nicholas Schöffer, Nicolas Schöffer, Nicholas Schoffer, Nicholas Schoeffer
Ulan
500019607
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License