Introduction
Kenzō Tange (丹下 健三, Tange Kenzō, 4 September 1913 – 22 March 2005) was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism, and designed major buildings on five continents. Tange was also an influential patron of the Metabolist movement. He said: "It was, I believe, around 1959 or at the beginning of the sixties that I began to think about what I was later to call structuralism", (cited in Plan 2/1982, Amsterdam), a reference to the architectural movement known as Dutch Structuralism. Influenced from an early age by the Swiss modernist, Le Corbusier, Tange gained international recognition in 1949 when he won the competition for the design of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. He was a member of CIAM (Congres Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne) in the 1950s. He did not join the group of younger CIAM architects known as Team X, though his 1960 Tokyo Bay plan was influential for Team 10 in the 1960s, as well as the group that became Metabolism. His university studies on urbanism put him in an ideal position to handle redevelopment projects after the Second World War. His ideas were explored in designs for Tokyo and Skopje. Tange's work influenced a generation of architects across the world.
Wikidata
Q151794
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Introduction
Japanese architect known for his monumental urban projects in Japan and throughout the world. Born in Osaka, Tange first studied at the University of Tokyo 1935-1938, returning there from 1942-1945 as a graduate student. In the intervening years he worked in the office of Kunio Maekawa, a disciple of Le Corbusier. As a graduate student he studied urban planning, and later became an assistant professor at Tokyo University. He organized the Tange Laboratory, where he mentored Sachio Otani, Takashi Asada, Taneo Oki, Fumihiko Maki, Koji Kamiya, Arata Isozaki and Kisho Kurokawa, and was an important proponent of the Metabolist school. He was instrumental in redeveloping the bomb-ravaged city of Hiroshima, and is best remembered for the design of the Peace Park there. Tange acted as a professor of urban engineering at the University of Tokyo 1963-1974, and later acted as a guest professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Washington University, Illinois Institute of Technology, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Alabama and the University of Toronto. Important projects include the Osaka Expo '70, sports arenas for the Tokyo Olympics of 1964, the Fuji Television Building (1996), and New Tokyo City Hall (1991). He was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 1987. Japanese architectural firm.
Nationality
Japanese
Gender
Male
Roles
Architect, Professor, Writer, Urban Planner
Names
Kenzo Tange, Kenzō Tange
Ulan
500004256
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License