Introduction
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (; Dutch: [ˈrɛmbrɑnt ˈɦɑrmə(n)soːn vɑn ˈrɛin] ( listen); July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter and printmaker. An innovative and prolific master in three media, he is generally considered one of the greatest visual artists in the history of art and the most important in Dutch art history. Unlike most Dutch masters of the 17th century, Rembrandt's works depict a wide range of style and subject matter, from portraits and self-portraits to landscapes, genre scenes, allegorical and historical scenes, biblical and mythological themes as well as animal studies. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age, when Dutch art (especially Dutch painting), although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres. Like many artists of the Dutch Golden Age, such as Jan Vermeer of Delft, Rembrandt was also an avid art collector and dealer. Rembrandt never went abroad, but he was considerably influenced by the work of the Italian masters and Netherlandish artists who had studied in Italy, like Pieter Lastman, the Utrecht Caravaggists, and Flemish Baroque Peter Paul Rubens. Having achieved youthful success as a portrait painter, Rembrandt's later years were marked by personal tragedy and financial hardships. Yet his etchings and paintings were popular throughout his lifetime, his reputation as an artist remained high, and for twenty years he taught many important Dutch painters.Rembrandt's portraits of his contemporaries, self-portraits and illustrations of scenes from the Bible are regarded as his greatest creative triumphs. His self-portraits form a unique and intimate biography, in which the artist surveyed himself without vanity and with the utmost sincerity. Rembrandt's foremost contribution in the history of printmaking was his transformation of the etching process from a relatively new reproductive technique into a true art form, along with Jacques Callot. His reputation as the greatest etcher in the history of the medium was established in his lifetime and never questioned since. Few of his paintings left the Dutch Republic whilst he lived, but his prints were circulated throughout Europe, and his wider reputation was initially based on them alone. In his works he exhibited knowledge of classical iconography, which he molded to fit the requirements of his own experience; thus, the depiction of a biblical scene was informed by Rembrandt's knowledge of the specific text, his assimilation of classical composition, and his observations of Amsterdam's Jewish population. Because of his empathy for the human condition, he has been called "one of the great prophets of civilization". The French sculptor Auguste Rodin said, "Compare me with Rembrandt! What sacrilege! With Rembrandt, the colossus of Art! We should prostrate ourselves before Rembrandt and never compare anyone with him!" Francisco Goya, often considered to be among the last of the Old Masters, said "I have had three masters: Nature, Velázquez, and Rembrandt." Vincent van Gogh wrote, "Rembrandt goes so deep into the mysterious that he says things for which there are no words in any language. It is with justice that they call Rembrandt—magician—that's no easy occupation." The impressionist Max Liebermann said: "Whenever I see a Frans Hals, I feel like painting; whenever I see a Rembrandt, I feel like giving up".
Wikidata
Q5598
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Introduction
Noted as one of the most popular and influential artists of his period. His work is characterized by the Baroque interest in dramatic scenes and strong contrasts of light on a dark stage. The subjects of his works include paintings, etchings, and drawings of subjects including portraits, landscapes, figures, animals, biblical and secular history and mythology.
Nationality
Dutch
Gender
Male
Roles
Artist, Etcher, Teacher, Portraitist, Painter
Names
Rembrandt van Rijn, Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Rembrandt, Rembrandt van Rhyn, Rembrandt van Rhijn, Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rhyn, Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rhijn, Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, Rembrandt Van Rhyn, Rembrant van Rijn, Reimbrant van Rijn, Rembrandt Olandese, Paul Rembrandt Van Ryn, Rāmbirānt, Lun-po-lang, רמברנדט, רמברנדט הרמנסזון ואן־ריין, رامبرانت, Rembrandt Harmensz. Van Rijn, Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, Harmensz. Van Rijn Rembrandt, Rembrandt Van Rijn, Rembrandt van Ryn, Reimbrandt, Arimbran, Rembrandt Hermansz van Rijn, Rembrant van Rhijn, Rembrant Van Rin, Rembrandt Hermanszoon van Rijn, Rembrandt Harmensz Van Rijn, Bembrant, Rembrandt Harmenszoon Van Rijn, Van Rhyn Rhembrandt, Rembrand van Rijn, Rembrandt van Reĭn, Rambrandt van Rijn, Harmensz Rembrandt v. Rijn, Rhyn, Rembrandt Garmens van Reĭn, Rhijn Rembrandt, H. v. Rembrandt, Paul Rembrand, Harmensz Rembrandt van Rijn, Haremsz Rembrandt van Rijn, H. van Rembrandt, Paul Rembrandt, paul rembrandt harmensz van ryn, paul rembrandt van ryn, Paul Rembrand van Ryn, Van Ryn Paul Rembrant, Paul Rembrant Vanryn, P. Rembrandt, P. Rembrandt van Ryn, P. Rembrand van Ryn, P. Rembrant, P. Van-Rhyn Rembrandt, Raembrant, Raimbran, Raimbrant, Rainbrant, Rambrandt, Rambrant, Rebranch, Reembrand, Reimbrand, Reimbranlt, Reimbrans, Reimbrant, Reimbrat, Reinbrand, reinbrandt, Reitumbraz, Rem., Remb., Rembr., Rembrach', Rembrad, Rembradt, Rembramt, Rembrand, Rembrande, Rembrandl, Rembrand Ryn von, Rembrands, Rembrandt., Harmensz Rembrandt, Rembrandt Harmensz van Rhyn, van Rijn Harmensz Rembrandt, Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt, Rembrandt Harmensz. van Run, Rembrandt Harmensz van Run, van Run Rembrandt Harmensz, Rembrandt Harmensz van Ryn, Harmensz van Ryn Rembrandt, rembrandt harmensz v. rijn, Rembrandt H. van Rhyn, H. van Rijn Rembrandt, rembrandt h. v. rhijn, Rembrandt H V Rhijn, Rembrandt H. V. Rhyn, Van Reyn Rembrandt, Rembrandt van Rhin, Rembrandt Van-Rhin, Van-Rhin Rembrandt, Van Rhyn Rembrandt, van Rijn Rembrandt, Rembrandt Van Rin, Rembrandt Vanrin, Rembrandt van Rjin, Rembrandt Van Roein, Rembrandt-Vanryn, Rembrandt. Van Ryn, van Ryn Rembrandt, Rembrandt Van-Ryn, Harmansz Rembrandt van Ryn, Harmensz Rembrandt van Ryn, harmensz van ryn rembrandt, rembrandt von rijn, Rembrandt V. R., Rembrandt v. Rijn, rembrandt v. ryn, Rembrand Van Rhim, Rembrand van Rhyn, Rembrand van Ryn, van Ryn Rembrand, Rembrand von Reihn, Rembrand von Rien, Rembrand von Ryn, Rembrant, Rembrants, Rembrant van Leyden, Rembrant van Reyn, Rembrant van Rhim, Rembrant Van Rhin, Rembrant Van Rhyn, Rembrant van Ryn, van Ryn Rembrant, Rembrant Van-Ryn, Rembrant V. R., Rembrant V.R., Rembrantz, Rembrardt, Rembrat, Rembraud, Remdrandt, Renbrand, Renbrant, Renbraut, Rendbrand, Reubrent, Reymbram olandes, Reymbrant, Reynbrant, Reyn Van Rembrant, Rheinbrand, Rhembrant, Rhembrant van Rhyn, Rhembrant Van-Rhyn, Rhynbrandt, Rienbraut, Rijmbrand, Rijn brant, Rijnbrant, Rimbran, Rimbrand, Rimbrandt, Rimbrandt van Rhyn, Rimbrand Van Rhin, Rimbrans, Rimbrant, Rimbrant Van-Rhein, Rinbrant, Rinbraut, Rinebrand, Riombrach, R. Rhyn, R. van Ryn, Rymbrand, Rymbrandt, Rymbrand Van Ryn, Rymbrant, Rymbrants, Rymbrants Van Ryn, Rynbrandt, Rynbrand van Ryn, Van Rhyn Rembrant, dit Rembrandt Van-Ryn, Van-Ryn Rembrandt, Van-Ryn Rembrant Fiammingo, V. Rembrants, o Rembrandt Wan Rhin
Ulan
500011051
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License