Thomas Nast (; German: [nast]; September 27, 1840 – December 7, 1902) was a German-born American caricaturist and editorial cartoonist considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon". He was the scourge of Democratic Representative "Boss" Tweed and the Tammany Hall Democratic party political machine. Among his notable works were the creation of the modern version of Santa Claus (based on the traditional German figures of Sankt Nikolaus and Weihnachtsmann) and the political symbol of the elephant for the Republican Party (GOP). Contrary to popular belief, Nast did not create Uncle Sam (the male personification of the United States Federal Government), Columbia (the female personification of American values), or the Democratic donkey, though he did popularize these symbols through his artwork. Nast was associated with the magazine Harper's Weekly from 1859 to 1860 and from 1862 until 1886.
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American illustrator of German birth, best known for his scathing political cartoon commentaries on the Civil War and the political corruptions of the 1870s. He is also known for creating such lasting images as the Republican Elephant, the Democratic Donkey, and Santa Claus, having done the illustrations for Clement C. Moore's "The Night Before Christmas." Comment on works: painter; master draughtsman; caricaturist; illustrator; cartoonist; Journalist
Artist, Cartoonist, Genre Artist, Illustrator, Painter
Thomas Nast, Nast, Thos. Nast
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License