Wikipedia entry
Jan van Eyck ( van EYEK, Dutch: [ˈjɑn vɑn ˈɛik]; c.  before 1390 – July 9, 1441) was a painter active in Bruges who was one of the early innovators of what became known as Early Netherlandish painting, and one of the most significant representatives of Early Northern Renaissance art. According to Vasari and other art historians including Ernst Gombrich, he invented oil painting, though most now regard that claim as an oversimplification. The surviving records indicate that he was born around 1380 or 1390, most likely in Maaseik (then Maaseyck, hence his name), Limburg, which is located in present-day Belgium. He took employment in The Hague around 1422, when he was already a master painter with workshop assistants, and was employed as painter and valet de chambre to John III the Pitiless, ruler of the counties of Holland and Hainaut. After John's death in 1425, he was later appointed as court painter to Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, and worked in Lille before moving to Bruges in 1429, where he lived until his death. He was highly regarded by Philip, and undertook a number of diplomatic visits abroad, including to Lisbon in 1428 to explore the possibility of a marriage contract between the duke and Isabella of Portugal.About 20 surviving paintings are confidently attributed to him, as well as the Ghent Altarpiece and the illuminated miniatures of the Turin-Milan Hours, all dated between 1432 and 1439. Ten are dated and signed with a variation of his motto ALS ICH KAN (As I (Eyck) can), a pun on his name, which he typically painted in Greek characters. Van Eyck painted both secular and religious subject matter, including altarpieces, single-panel religious figures and commissioned portraits. His work includes single panels, diptychs, triptychs, and polyptych panels. He was well paid by Philip, who sought that the painter was secure financially and had artistic freedom so that he could paint "whenever he pleased". Van Eyck's work comes from the International Gothic style, but he soon eclipsed it, in part through a greater emphasis on naturalism and realism. He achieved a new level of virtuosity through his developments in the use of oil paint. He was highly influential, and his techniques and style were adopted and refined by the Early Netherlandish painters.
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Getty record
He was among the most influential Netherlandish painters of the northern Renaissance. He served as court painter to two powerful patrons, first John of Bavaria, Count of Holland, and then Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. He perfected the new technique of painting on panel with an oil-based medium. He appears also to have produced illuminations for manuscripts. His works portray precise illusions of reality on the levels of space, atmosphere, texture, and the effects of light. Netherlandish painter; NAF gives his dates as 1390-1440. Comment on works: Religious; Portraits
Netherlandish, Dutch, South Netherlandish
Artist, Portraitist, Painter
Jan van Eyck, Jan Van Eyck, Jan Van Eycke, Johannes van Eyck, Jean Van Eck, Jean van Eick, Jean van Eyk, Jean van Eyck, John van Eyck, Jan Eyck, Jean Eyck, Johannes Van Eyck, I︠A︡n van Ėĭk, I͡An van Ėĭk, A. VAN EYCK, A. V. Eyck, Eyck, Gio. Vannuch, I. V. Eyk, Jan. Van Eyck, J. de Bruge, Jean Van Dyck, Jean Van Eych, Jean Van Eyck, Jean Van Eyck de Bruges, dit de Bruges Jean Van-Eyck, Jean Van Eycke, Jobnob. Eyck, Johann van Eyk, Johnab. Eyck, John of Bruges, John of Brughes, John van Eck, John van Eick, John van Eycke, The inventor of Painting in Oil John van Eyck, J. Van Eck, J. Van Eick, J. Van Eyck, Jvan Eyck, J. Van Eyk, J. Vanheyck, J.V. Eyck, J. v. Eyck, J. V. Eycke, Van Ecke, Van Eick, Van Eijck, Van Eycèe, Van Eyck, Van. Eyck, Van Eycke, Van Eyk, Van Eyke, Vaneyquen, Van Heyck, Vannuch, V. Eyck
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License


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