Introduction
Jan Brueghel the Elder (; also Breughel; Dutch: [ˈjɑn ˈbrøːɣəl]; 1568 – 13 January 1625) was a Flemish painter and draughtsman. He was the son of the eminent Flemish Renaissance painter Pieter Brueghel the Elder. A close friend and frequent collaborator with Peter Paul Rubens, the two artists were the leading Flemish painters in the first three decades of the 17th century. Brueghel worked in many genres including history paintings, flower still lifes, allegorical and mythological scenes, landscapes and seascapes, hunting pieces, village scenes, battle scenes and scenes of hellfire and the underworld. He was an important innovator who created new types of paintings such as flower garland paintings, paradise landscapes, and gallery paintings in the first quarter of the 17th century. He further created genre paintings that were imitations, pastiches and reworkings of his father's works, in particular his father's genre scenes and landscapes with peasants. Brueghel represented the type of the pictor doctus, the erudite painter whose works are informed by the religious motifs and aspirations of the Catholic Counter-Reformation as well as the scientific revolution with its interest in accurate description and classification. He was court painter of the Archduke and Duchess Albrecht and Isabella, the governors of the Southern Netherlands. The artist was nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel, "Flower" Brueghel, and "Paradise" Brueghel. The first is believed to have been given him because of his mastery in the rendering of fabrics. The second nickname is a reference to his specialization in flower still lifes and the last one to his invention of the genre of the paradise landscape. His brother Pieter Brueghel the Younger was traditionally nicknamed "de helse Brueghel" or "Hell Brueghel" because it was believed he was the author of a number of paintings with fantastic depictions of fire and grotesque imagery. These paintings have now been reattributed to Jan Brueghel the Elder.
Wikidata
Q209050
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Introduction
He was the son of Pieter Bruegel. He is famous for small-scale history paintings, flower still-lifes, allegorical and mythological scenes, and landscapes, including imaginary mountain landscapes, forest interiors, villages and country roads, ports, river views, seascapes, hunting scenes, battles and depictions of Hell and the underworld. Died suddenly in a cholera epidemic in Antwerp; his son, Jan the younger, took over the studio.
Nationalities
Flemish, Belgian
Gender
Male
Roles
Artist, Genre artist, Landscapist, Painter
Names
the elder Jan Brueghel, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Jan Bruegel, the elder Jan Breughel, I Jan Brueghel, Jan Brueghel, the Elder Jan Bruegel, the elder Jan Breugel, Jan der Ältere de Velours Bruegel, Jan Breugel den Ouden, il vecchio Jan Brucoli, Jan Brugolo il Vecchio, Jan Breughel, Jan Breugel, Jan Breughal, Jan Breughell, Jan Brughel, Jan Broeghel, Jan Breughi, Jan Briaghell, Jan Brucolo, Jean Breugle, Giovan Breughel, Giovanni Breughel, Giovanni di Brucolo, Velvet Breughel, Breughel de Velours, Breughill de Velours, Jan Velvet Brueghel, Johann Velvet Breughel, Flower Breughel, Fluwelen Breugel, Paradise Breughel, Bruguel Paesista, Brugo Novecchio, Old Brueghel, Jan I Brueghel, Velvet Brueghel Brueghel, Jan I Breugel, Velvet Brueghel Breugel, Jan I Breughel, Velvet Brueghel, Jan I Bruegel, Velvet Bruegel, Jean Breughel de Velours, Brueghel de Paradis, Brueghel de Velours, Johan Breugel, Jean Breughel, Jan (The Elder) Brueghel, called the Old John Brueghel, Velvet Brueghel Called John Brueghel, called Velvet Brueghel John Brueghel, John Brughel, or Velvet Breughel John, otherwise Velvet Breughel John, Lavecio Breugel, Le Breugle de Velours, le Brueghel de Velours, Le Vieux Breughel, Monsu Brugo Novecchio, O. Breughel, O. Brughael, O. Brughel, Old Braughel, Old Breugel, Old Breughel, old Breughell, Old Bruegal, Old Brugel, old Brugell, Old Brughel, Old Brughell, P. Breugel de Velours, Sam. Breughell, Sammel Breughel, Sammet Breugel, Sammet Breughel, Sammet-Breughel, Sammet=Breughel, Sammit Breughel, Sammt=Breughel, Sammt Breughell, T. Breugel, the elder Breughel, the elder Brueghel, Van Breughel, van Brouel de folour, V. Breugel, V. Breughel, V. Brueghel, V. Brughel, V. Brughell, V. Brughels, Vel. Breughel, Vel. Brughell, Velvect Brueghel, Velvet Brenghel, Velvet Breugel, Velvet Breughell, Velvet Breugle, Velvet Brueghal, Velvet Brughel, Brughel Velvet, Velvet Brughell, Velvet Brughle, Ver Brughell, Bereugal, Bhrueghel, Blumen Breugel, Blumenbrueghel, Breaghel de Volours, Bregeln, Breghel de Velour, Breigel, Brengheel, Brenghel, Brenghell, Brenghels de Velours, Breuchel de Velours, Breugal, Breugel. de Fluweele, Breugel den Fluweelen, Breugel den Ouden, Breugel de Velleurs, Breugel de Velour, Breugel de Veloure, Breugel de Velours, de Velours Breugel, Breugel-de-Velours, Breugel de Vloer, Breugel de Vloin, Breugel de Vlours, de Vlours Breugel, Breugel dit de Velour, dit Develour Breugel, Breugel dit de Velours, dit : de Velours Breugel, dit De Velours Breugel, Breugel Joh., Breugell de Velours, Breugel le vieux, Breugels de Velours, Breugen, Breughael, Breughal, Breughall, Breughel, Breughel de Fluweele, Breughel de Vel., Breughel de Veloers, Breughel de Velour, Breughel de Veloure, de Velours Breughel, Breughel dit de Velours, dit de Velours Breughel, Breughel dit Jean, breughel jan, Jan d.Ä. Breughel, Jan d. Ä. Breughel, gen. Samtbreughel d.Ä. Jan Breughel, der Ältere Jan Breughel, genannt Samtbreughel Jan Breughel, Samtbreughel Jan Breughel, Breughel Jean dit de velours, Breughell, Breughel le Velours, Breughel padre, Breughels, Breughels De Velour, Breughels de Velours, Breughels dit de Velours, Breughels van Velours, Breughel the Old, Breugheul, Breughi, Breughil, Breughil de Velours, Breughill, Breugle, Breugle de Velour, Breugle de Velours, Breugle le Velours, Breugles de Velours, Briaghell, Brieughel, Briügel De Velours, Broegel, Broeghel, Broeugel, Brögel, Brögel de Vel, Brögeln, Brogels, Broghle de fleur, Broughel, Brougle, Brucoli vecchio, Brucolo, Brucolo padre, Brucolo vecchio, Bruegel, Bruegels, Brueghall, Brueghel, d. Ä. Jan Brueghel, brueghel der altere, Brueghel dit de Velours, dit de Velours Brueghel, brueghel jan d. a., d.Ä. Jan Brueghel, jan d. a. brueghel, brueghel jan d. ae., Jan der Aeltere Brueghel, brueghel jan der altere, Der Ältere Jan Brueghel, the Elder Jan Brueghel, Jan 'Velvet' Brueghel, Brueghell, Brueghel of Brussels, Brug., Brugall, Brugel de veleur, Brugel de Velour, Brugel de Velours, Brughael, Brugheal, Brughel, Brughel de Velcouri, Brughel De Velours, Brughel de Vlour, dit de Velours Brughel, Brughell, Brughels de Velours, Brughill, Brugo, brugolo il vecchio, Brugolo vecchio, Bruguel, Bruguel de la Voilure, Jean dit de Velours Bruguel, Bruyhelle, de F. Breugel, de fluele Breugel, de fluweele Breugel, de Fluweelen Breugel, de Fluweele van Breugel, de Fluwele Breugel, de Fluwelen Breugel, den Fluweele Breugel, den fluweelen Breugel, den Fluwelen Breugel, den Ouden Breugel, den oude van Breugel, F. Breugel, F. Breughel, Flaelen Breugel, Flowellen Breughel, fluele Breugel, Fluelle Breugel, Fluen Prôgel, Fluweele Breugel, Fluweelen Breugel, Fluweelen Breughel, fluwele Breugel, fluwelen Breugel, Fruellen Brugell, Fruellen Brughel, Gamle Breughel, Gio. Breughel, gio. brughel fiamengo, Giuseppe Buoccolo, H. Breughel, Ian Breugel, I. Breugel, I. Breughel, Jan. Breughel, jan breughel d.a., jan breughel d. a., Jan Breughel d. Ae., Jan Breughel d. Ae. gen. Sammtbreughel, gen. sammetbreughel jan breughel d. a., jan breughel d. alt., jan breughel der altere, Jan Breughel d. J., jan breughel I, jan broughel d. a., jan bruegel, jan bruegel d. a., Jan Brueghel D. A., jan brueghel d.a., Der sog. Samtbrueghel Jan Brueghel d. Ae., Jan Brueghel d. Ae. gen. Sammetbrueghel, jan brueghel d. aelt., jan brueghel d. a. gen. sammetbrueghel, jan brueghel d. alt., Jan Brueghel der Ältere, gen. sammetbrueghel jan brueghel der altere, jan brueghel gen. sammetbrueghel, jan brueghel gen. sammet-brueghel, jan brueghel I, gen. van Vlour Jann Brögel, Jan of de Fluele Breugel, J. Brenghel, J. Breugehl, J. Breugel, J. Breugel-de-Velours, J. Breugel de Velours, dit De Velours J. Breugel, J. Breugel dit de Velours, J. Breughel, j. breughel d. alt., J. Breughel de Velours, de Velours J. Breughel, dit De Velours J. Breughel, J. Breughel dit de Velours, J. Breughel le Pere, dit de Velours J. Breughels, J. Brögel, J. Bruegel, J. Brueghel d. Ä., J. Brughel, Jean Breugel, Jean Breugel dit de Velours, dit de Velours Jean Breugel, dit le Velours Jean Breugel, jean breughel d. a., Jean Breughel detto de Velours, de Velours Jean Breughel, dit Breughel de Velours Jean Breughel, dit Breugle de Velours Jean Breughel, De Velour dit Jean Breughel, Jean Breughel dit de Velour, dit de Velours Jean Breughel, Jean Breughel dit de Velours, dit le Breughel de velours Jean Breughel, ou Breughel de Velours Jean Breughel, Jean Breughels, dit de Velours Jean Breughels, Jean Brughel de Velours, Jean Bruguel dit de Velours, Johan. Breughel de Velours, Johann Breugel, johann breughel, genannt Sammet Breughel Johann Breughel, genannt Blumen-Breughel Johann Breughell, Johann Brögel, Johann Brueghel, Johann Brueghell, Johannes Breugel, genannt Blumen-Breughel Johann, Velvet Breughel Johann, Joh. Breugel, Joh. Breughel, Joh. Broegel, Joh. Brögel, Joh. Brueghel, John Breughel, called Velvet Breughel John Breughel, John Breughell, John Brueghel
Ulan
500007095
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License