Wikipedia entry
Jean-Baptiste Gustave Le Gray (French: [lə gʁɛ]; 30 August 1820 – 30 July 1884) was a French painter, draughtsman, sculptor, print-maker, and photographer. He has been called "the most important French photographer of the nineteenth century" because of his technical innovations, his instruction of other noted photographers, and "the extraordinary imagination he brought to picture making." He was an important contributor to the development of the wax paper negative.
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Getty record
Originally a student of painting, Le Gray began experimenting with photography in the late 1840s, and became well-known for his photos of the Forest of Fontainebleau. He was a founding member of the Société Héliographique in 1851, and of the Société Française de Photographie in 1854. He introduced the wax paper process to the Académie des Sciences in 1851. That same year, Le Gray along with Bayard, Baldus, Le Secq and Mestral, began to photograph the architectural monuments of France for the Commission des Monuments Historiques. He worked with his student Mestral on goverment sponsored missions héliographiques in the Touraine and Aquitaine. In 1855, he established a commercial studio in Paris, which dissolved by 1960 due to financial difficulties. To escape creditors, he moved to Egypt, and continued to photograph and teach there until his death in 1884. French photographer.
Artist, Teacher, Painter, Photographer
Gustave Le Gray, Jean-Baptiste-Gustave Le Gray, Jean Baptiste Gustave Le Gray, J. B. Gustave Le Gray, Gustave Legray, Jean Baptiste Gustave Legray
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License


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  • Photography at MoMA: 1840–1920 Hardcover, 376 pages

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