Introduction
Konstantin Stepanovich Melnikov (Russian: Константин Степанович Мельников; August 3 [O.S. July 22] 1890 – November 28, 1974) was a Russian architect and painter. His architectural work, compressed into a single decade (1923–33), placed Melnikov on the front end of 1920s avant-garde architecture. Although associated with the Constructivists, Melnikov was an independent artist, not bound by the rules of a particular style or artistic group. In 1930s, Melnikov refused to conform with the rising Stalinist architecture, withdrew from practice and worked as a portraitist and teacher until the end of his life.
Wikidata
Q930
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Introduction
Mel'nikov attended the painting faculty from 1905-1911, and then the architectural faculty from 1912-1917 at the College of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, Moscow. He taught at VKhUTEMAS from 1921-1923. In 1937, Mel'nikov was discredited as an architect by the Soviet government.
Nationalities
Russian, Soviet
Gender
Male
Roles
Architect, Teacher
Names
Konstantin Mel'nikov, Konstantin Melnikov, Konstantin Stepanovich Mel'nikov, Konstantin Stepanovič Mel'nikov, Konstantin Stepanovic Mel'nikov, Konstantin Stepanovich Melnikov, Konstantin Stepanowitsch Melnikoff, Konstantin Stepanovic Mel'Nikov, Konstantin Stepanovich Melńikov, K. S. Melńikov
Ulan
500017364
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License