Introduction
Luis Buñuel Portolés (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwis βuˈɲwel poɾtoˈles]; 22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.When Luis Buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in The New York Times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later". His first picture, Un Chien Andalou—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic Roger Ebert, and his last film, That Obscure Object of Desire—made 48 years later—won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive".Often associated with the surrealist movement of the 1920s, Buñuel created films from the 1920s through the 1970s. His work spans two continents, three languages, and an array of genres, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western. Despite this variety, filmmaker John Huston believed that, regardless of genre, a Buñuel film is so distinctive as to be instantly recognizable, or, as Ingmar Bergman put it, "Buñuel nearly always made Buñuel films".Six of Buñuel's films are included in Sight & Sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time. Fifteen of his films are included in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? list of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, for which he ranks second only to Jean-Luc Godard, with sixteen, and he ranks number 13 on their list of the top 250 directors.
Wikidata
Q51545
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Introduction
A friend of the painter Salvador Dalí and the poet Federico García Lorca, Buñuel went to Paris in 1925 and entered film-producing circles, feeling that film would become his true medium of expression. For the next 60 years, Buñuel pursued his career in his native Spain, in France, in the United States, and in Mexico. He generally worked within the limitations of the film industry while including personal, frank expressions of his own obsessions, and is noted for having been influenced by Freudian psychoanalysis and having abandoned religion. Best remembered for his early Surrealist films and for his work in the Mexican commercial cinema, Buñuel's prolific career is distinguished for his highly personal style and controversial obsession with social injustice, religious excess, gratuitous cruelty, and eroticism.
Nationality
Spanish
Gender
Male
Roles
Artist, Film director
Name
Luis Buñuel
Ulan
500074770
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License