Wikipedia entry
Introduction
Philip Cortelyou Johnson (July 8, 1906 – January 25, 2005) was an American architect who designed modern and postmodern architecture. Among his best-known designs are his modernist Glass House in New Canaan, Connecticut; the postmodern 550 Madison Avenue in New York City, designed for AT&T; 190 South La Salle Street in Chicago; the Sculpture Garden of New York City's Museum of Modern Art; and the Pre-Columbian Pavilion at Dumbarton Oaks. His January 2005 obituary in The New York Times described his works as being "widely considered among the architectural masterpieces of the 20th century". In 1930, Johnson became the first director of the architecture department of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. There he arranged for visits by Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier and negotiated the first American commission for Mies van der Rohe, after he fled Nazi Germany. In 1932, he organized with Henry-Russell Hitchcock the first exhibition dedicated to modern architecture at the Museum of Modern Art, which gave name to the subsequent movement known as International Style. In 1934, Johnson resigned his position at the museum. During the 1930s, Johnson became an ardent admirer of Adolf Hitler, openly praised the Nazi Party, and espoused antisemitic views. He wrote for Social Justice and Examiner, where he published an admiring review of Hitler's Mein Kampf. In 1939, as a correspondent for Social Justice, he witnessed Hitler's invasion of Poland, which he later described as "a stirring spectacle". In 1941, after the U.S. entered the war, Johnson abruptly quit journalism, organizing anti-Fascist league at Harvard Design School. He was investigated by the FBI, and was eventually cleared for military service. He evaded indictment and jail, according to some critics, because of his social connections. Years later he would refer to these activities as "the stupidest thing I ever did [which] I never can atone for". In 1978, he was awarded an American Institute of Architects Gold Medal. In 1979, he was the first recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize. Today his skyscrapers are prominent features in the skylines of New York, Houston, Chicago, Detroit, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Atlanta, Madrid, and other cities.
Wikidata
Q183528
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Getty record
Introduction
Johnson studied at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts from 1923-1930 and attended Harvard Graduate School of Design in 1940-1943. He was in professional partnership with Richard Foster (New York, 1964-1967) and John Burgee (New York 1967-1991). Johnson was the director at the Department of Architecture, Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1930-1936 and 1946-1954, and he was a trustee at the Museum of Modern Art starting in 1958. American architect and author.
Nationality
American
Gender
Male
Roles
Artist, Author, Architect, Architectural Historian, Art Critic, Critic, Client, Collector
Names
Philip Johnson, Philip Cortelyou Johnson
Ulan
500014481
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License

Works

14 works online

Exhibitions

Publications

  • Lincoln Kirstein's Modern Exhibition catalogue, Hardcover, 208 pages
  • Being Modern: Building the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art Exhibition catalogue, Hardcover, 288 pages
  • Studies in Modern Art 6: Philip Johnson and The Museum of Modern Art Paperback, 160 pages
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