Wikipedia entry
Josephine Gail Baer (née Josephine Gail Kleinberg; born August 7, 1929) is an American painter associated with minimalist art. She began exhibiting her work at the Fischbach Gallery, New York, and other venues for contemporary art in the mid-1960s. In the mid-1970s, she turned away from non-objective painting. Since then, Baer has fused images, symbols, words, and phrases in a non-narrative manner, a mode of expression she once termed "radical figuration." She lives and works in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Getty record
Baer is considered a participant in the development of Minimalism, through work that adhered to a vocabulary of visual elements, in predominantly white paintings with bands of color highlighting their edges. Though her early work was nonobjective, after a 1975 retrospective at the Whitney Museum, Baer moved to Ireland and began work that illustrated her own concept of “radical figuration,” which included fragmentary images, some sourced from art history. She is also known as a writer who countered Donald Judd and Robert Morris's notion of Minimalism in published statements.
American, Dutch
Artist, Writer, Painter
Jo Baer, Josephine Gail Kleinberg, Joe Baer
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License


36 works online



If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

MoMA licenses archival audio and select out of copyright film clips from our film collection. At this time, MoMA produced video cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. All requests to license archival audio or out of copyright film clips should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Motion picture film stills cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For access to motion picture film stills for research purposes, please contact the Film Study Center at [email protected]. For more information about film loans and our Circulating Film and Video Library, please visit

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication, please email [email protected]. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected].


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected].