Alexander Gardner (October 17, 1821 – December 10, 1882) was a Scottish photographer who immigrated to the United States in 1856, where he began to work full-time in that profession. He is best known for his photographs of the American Civil War, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, and the execution of the conspirators to Lincoln's assassination.
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In 1856 Mathew B. Brady invited Gardner to move from Scotland to New York City, New York to work for him at his New York gallery. From 1858 to 1863 Gardner ran Brady's Washington, D.C. gallery. At this time Gardner was using electric light to photograph. In 1863, Gardner left Brady's firm and decided to photograph the Civil War by himself. He photographed Abraham Lincoln at the Battle of Antietam. He also became the official photographer of the army of the Potomac. In 1863 Gardner opened his own studio in Washington, D.C. where he sold mainly stereographs. In 1865 Gardner did the reportage on Lincoln's assasination and funeral. In 1866 Gardner published "Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the Civil War". In 1867 he closed his Wahington studio and became the official photograher of the Union Pacific Railroad's Eastern Division. He photographed the construction of the railway to California, including the networks of Kansas, West Mississippi, and Missouri. During this time he also made portraits of American and Peruvian Indians. In 1868 he photographed the Fort Laramie Treaty Council. Gardner returned to Washington, D.C. in the 1870s where he operated a studio and photographed members of the Indian Treaty delegations.
American, Scottish, British
Artist, Printer, Photographer
Alexander Gardner, Alex. Gardner, A. Gardner
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License