Wikipedia entry
Hugo Ball (German: [bal]; 22 February 1886 – 14 September 1927) was a German author, poet, and essentially the founder of the Dada movement in European art in Zürich in 1916. Among other accomplishments, he was a pioneer in the development of sound poetry.
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Writer, actor, dramatist, and critic; an early critical biographer of German novelist Hermann Hesse. Ball studied sociology and philosophy at the Universities of Munich and Heidelberg (1906–07) and went to Berlin (1910) to become a theatrical producer and an actor. A pacifist, he left Germany for Switzerland with during World War I and in Zürich established the Cabaret Voltaire with Emmy Hennings, whom he later married. The Cabaret Voltaire was a performance space and public platform for the Dada movement, of which Ball was a founder. They were joined by Huelsenbeck, Hans Arp, Marcel Janco and Tristan Tzara. Ball broke with the Dadaists in 1917.
Artist, Critic, Writer, Performing Artist, Artiste, Painter
Hugo Ball
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