Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (; French: [ø.ʒɛn də.la.kʁwa]; 26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.As a painter and muralist, Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish author Walter Scott and the German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on colour and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modelled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Lord Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.However, Delacroix was given to neither sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible." Together with Ingres, Delacroix is considered one of the last old Masters of painting, and one of the few who was ever photographed.
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Delacroix was one of the most innovative and successful painters of the first half of the 19th century. He is known as the last great history painter and his art is the ideal of Romanticism in the visual arts. Delacroix's career is marked by the paradox between the revolutionary and the conventional. He was in conflict with the artist Ingres and was seen as the leading figure of the French Romantic movement; he was famed for undermining the tradition of painting established by David, yet he benefited from official patronage from the beginning of the Restoration (1814-1830) until the Second Empire (1852-1870). French painter. Comment on works: history, genre
French, Parisian
Artist, Author, Lithographer, Muralist, Genre Artist, Painter, Pastelist, Pastellist, Owner
Eugène Delacroix, Eugene Delacroix, Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugène Delacroix, Ferdinand-Eugène-Victor Delacroix, Ėzhen Delakrua, Ūjīn Dīlakruwā, Ĭozhen Dʹolakroa, Ūjēnu Dorakurowa, Eugenios Ḏelakroua, Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix, דלקרוא, יוג'ין דלקרוא, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix, Delacroix, delacroix e., e. delacroix, Delacroix Eug., Delacroix Eugène, E. Delacroix, Eug. delacroix, eugen delacroix
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License