Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud (French: [aʁto]; 4 September 1896 – 4 March 1948), was a French dramatist, poet, essayist, actor, and theatre director, widely recognized as one of the major figures of twentieth-century theatre and the European avant-garde. He is best known for conceptualizing a 'Theatre of Cruelty'.
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French dramatist, theorist, poet, actor, and draftsman. He set out to create a "theater of cruelty" that obviated classical theatrical presentation, and intended to revive magic and ritual. He was allied with the Surrealist movement, and wrote the scenario of the first Surrealist film, 'The Seashell and the Clergyman.' He is widely considered an important figure in the development of the theatrical avant-garde during the latter half of the 20th century. He began writing art criticism from ca.1920, and in Paris studied acting with Charles Dullin around this time. He created drawings, which he continued to do, with gaps, for the remainder of his life. He founded the Alfred Jarry Theatre and the Théatre de l'Atelier, for which he designed sets. He was prolific in the last years of his life, writing essays, drawing, and producing a radio play 'Pour en Finir avec le Jugement de dieu.'
Artist, Actor, Writer, Critic
Antonin Artaud, Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License